Rabu, 22 Januari 2014

THE JENEVA2 CONFERENCE FOR SYRIA PEACE OR JUST PLAYING AS THE ABSURD UN AGENDA..??? ... .AND THE RITHM OF LEBANON POLITICAL ISSUES...FOR FUTURE MOVEMENT..???>> ITS STILL DEPEND ON THE PLAYING OUTSIDE PLAYER GUIDING THE REAL CONDITION.. AND POLITICAL ECHOES... ??>> ....The conference was to begin with formal speeches by UN leader Ban Ki-moon, US Secretary of State John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov...>>> ...Speaking to IRNA news agency, Sheikh Rouhani said he is not optimistic about the conference due to the existing circumstances. Tehran believes that the Geneva II talks will not be successful in fighting terrorism, the President reiterated....>>>...The opposing Syrian sides are then expected to have their say, followed by representatives of the rest of the about 40 nations and international groups invited to Montreux. No direct talks are expected until Friday, when opposition and regime delegations will meet in Geneva for negotiations that officials have said could last seven to 10 days. Notably absent from the talks will be Iran, after Ban, pressured by the US, reversed a last-minute invitation when the opposition said it would boycott if Tehran took part...>>> ..."Everybody has to understand that this is the beginning of a process. It's not going to be fast. It's very bitter fighting on the ground. And so there's going to be an absolute requirement for patience and for persistence," a senior US State Department official said...>>> ... .... The Syrian army has killed scores of foreign-backed militants and seized their weapons during ongoing mop-up operations across the Arab country. Syrian government forces launched attacks against the militants in the provinces of Damascus, Deir Ezzor, Homs, Aleppo, Idlib, and Daraa on Tuesday and killed a large number of them, the official SANA news agency reported. In addition, the Syrian armed forces captured a large number of machine guns, sniper rifles, rocket launchers, mortar shells, anti-tank missiles, night vision goggles, and explosive devices. In northwestern Aleppo province, “the army units killed dozens of terrorists in the areas of Erbeed, Kweires, al-Jadida, al-Amryeh, Mayir, al-Baik Farms and near Aleppo Central Prison and the Infantry School,” a military source told SANA...>>> The breaking news that former Lebanese prime minister Saad Hariri agreed to participate in a government that would include Hezbollah ministers had not been fully digested yet when another piece of unwelcome news emerged. The president of the opposition Syrian National Coalition (SNC) Ahmad al-Jarba agreed to attend Geneva II with the modest agenda of forming a transitional government. Jabra stressed “the need to preserve the Syrian army and security agencies in the event the regime falls or is changed...”..>>> General Ashraf Rifi is waging an orphaned battle in Tripoli, without a political umbrella or regional patronage, and the city is paying the price. The battle will change nothing in the expected political settlement, nor the positions of the various parties and the balance of power inside the city. All Rifi wants is for Saad Hariri to pay attention to him and his field commanders (the heads of the local armed groups in Tripoli) before he proceeds with the political settlement...>>> Questions at all the tables echoed the question posed by the president of the Lebanese-Palestinian dialogue committee Khaldoun al-Sharif on Saturday: Why did Hariri waste three years if he is going to go back to the language of dialogue and the discourse of partnership? Especially as most of the residents of Tripoli have not gained anything from standing by Hariri in the past three years, but instead paid a heavy price, often with their own flesh and blood. An almost full moon filled the city’s skyline and cars crowded the street leading to the theater of Rawdat al-Fayhaa High School where the Austrian maestro Robert Lehrbaumer was set to conduct the Lebanese Philharmonic Orchestra in a concert entitled ‘Vienne in Tripoli’. Here lay another face of the city that Austrian ambassador Ursula Fahringer, in what looked like a personal initiative, sought to show. ..>> Experts on the nature of armed groups in Tripoli divide them into two categories. The first category consists of the field commanders and their spin offs whom Rifi managed to single-handedly control after a long struggle with various parties. These groups will be pacified once a governmental - political understanding is reached, as long as Hariri takes them into account. This will solve a major problem in North Lebanon because it is those groups and not the Islamists that have been responsible for the major tensions in the area for over two years. The Future Movement leader can get away with not consulting his ally, Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea, regarding his political moves and perhaps not paying too much attention to his parliamentary bloc’s opinion. But he cannot act without taking Rifi and the field commanders - the “most honorable men” - into account. The second category consists of the Islamists; most of whom adopt al-Qaeda’s vocabulary and expressions in their discussions. The list is long. It includes Hussam al-Sabbagh who has become an important figure because he did not stick his nose in the small details, Shadi al-Mawlawi and other small-time militia commanders who partnered with some of the mushrooming armed groups in Syria that were looking for counterparts on the Lebanese side, Dai al-Islam al-Shahhal, Omar Bakri Fostok and Bilal Duqmaq who celebrated the firebrand cleric Ahmad al-Assir when he visited Tripoli and flocked to Martyrs’ Square when he called them to support the Syrian people. It also includes Sheikh Bilal Baroudy and his partner Salem al-Rafii who agrees with the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria’s (ISIS) rhetoric justifying the nuns’ kidnapping in Syria and condemns the burning of al-Saeh Library not because he opposes book burning but because the charge against father Sarouj was not proven...>...These men feel Hariri is putting their dignity on the line, hanging them out to dry in front of their neighbors, relatives, wives and children. It is more personal for them than it is for Future Movement MPs and officials. The least Hariri could have done was invite them for coffee in the Champ Elysees so Arish could tell his groupies in his neighborhood that the Future Movement leader consulted him before proceeding with any political settlement. Now the least they can say to Hariri before media outlets is that “he is a traitor to the Sunni community.” The wound is real and deep this time...>> Those who know Rifi and some of the local militia leaders, such as Arish and Allouki, know that over the last year they have grown closer to Islamists than politicians and war profiteers. They have started to believe their own slogans and are willing to sacrifice their lives if needed. These men who command the streets of their city do not come from the same place that most members of the political class hail from. It is true that Rifi has become rich and Arish is no longer a destitute laborer in an auto body repair shop, but unlike Hariri they continue to live amidst their people, see their neighbors everyday, wave to them enthusiastically from the windows of their homes and cars, hear the old womens prayers on their behalf and are intoxicated by their neighbors inquiries about future regional developments. ..>> Dia menambahkan bahwa Teheran telah menyatakan bahwa mereka tidak akan menerima prasyarat untuk berpartisipasi dalam pembicaraan Suriah, dan fakta yang menunjukkan Sekretaris Jenderal PBB Ban Ki -moon membatalkan undangan kepada Iran di bawah tekanan dari teroris, Takfiri dan kelompok Salafis adalah satu hal yang sangant menyedihkan. "Kelompok-kelompok ini menetapkan batas waktu enam jam untuk PBB, dan Sekjen PBB tidak bisa berdiri menentang mereka. Hal ini membuktikan sikap tunduk badan dunia kepada kekuasaan kolonial, " tambah anggota parlemen Iran...>>> Seorang pejabat Iran mengatakan penarikan PBB atas undangan Jenewa II kepada Iran menunjukkan sikap yang memalukan bagi badan dunia, mengatakan langkah itu menunjukkan sikap tunduk organisasi kekuasaan kolonial...>> ..."Kami akan mengambil langkah hukum di organisasi internasional. Pengaturan awal [untuk tindakan hukum terhadap Arab Saudi] sudah dibuat," kata Marzieh Afkham dalam sebuah konferensi pers di Teheran, Selasa (21/1/14). Pejabat Iran menambahkan, Tehran sudah mengumpulkan rincian dan dokumen yang diperlukan untuk menyiapkan laporan akhir tentang kegiatan teroris yang dipimpin Saudi terhadap sasaran Iran di Libanon dan Yaman hingga bisa menyelesaikan kasus tersebut sesuai undang-undang hukum dan kerangka yang lebih transparan. "Setelah serangan teroris terhadap Republik Islam Iran di kedutaan Libanon, proses tindakan [hukum] sudah mulai... Kami bekerja sama dengan para pejabat Libanon untuk mengumpulkan rincian demi menyajikan dokumen yang akurat dan otentik. Proses yang sama sedang berlangsung untuk kasus Yaman," tambah Afkham...>> ...Seiring dengan eskalasi pelanggaran militer Rezim Zionis Israel terhadap Lebanon, militer negara ini memperketat penjagaan di wilayah perbatasan dengan pendudukan Palestina. Menurut laporan berbagai sumber Lebanon, setelah pelanggaran berulang kali unit angkatan darat Israel ke wilayah Lebanon dan berlanjutnya pelanggaran jet tempur rezim ilegal ini ke zona udara selatan Lebanon dalam beberapa hari terakhir memaksa militer negara ini meningkatkan kesiagaan unit-unit tempurnya di wilayah perbatasan. Reaksi militer Lebanon terhadap pergerakan militer Israel di berbagai wilayah perbatasannya muncul ketika berbagai sumber Lebanon dua hari sebelumnya melaporkan terbongkarnya sejumlah sistem spionase baru Israel di wilayah Lebanon....>>> Pasca pengunduran diri Najib Mikati dari posisinya sebagai perdana menteri Lebanon di bulan Maret lalu, Tammam Salam 6 April 2013 ditunjuk untuk membentuk pemerintahan baru. Namun mengingat friksi internal Lebanon dan pelanggaran sejumlah pihak asing, sampai saat ini Tammam Salam belum juga berhasil membentuk pemerintahan baru. Oleh karena itu, berbagai kubu Lebanon seraya menekankan urgensitas perevisian kebijakan kubu 14 Maret dan melepas ketergantungannya kepada pihak asing, mereka menuntut dihentikannya kebijakan yang merongrong pembentukan pemerintahan bersatu di Lebanon....>>> "Isu-isu presiden dan pemerintah adalah `garis merah`bagi kami dan bagi rakyat Suriah," kata Walid al-Muallem seperti dikutip kantor berita resmi SANA tak lama sebelum kedatangan delegasinya di kota Montreux, Swiss,Selasa (21/1) untuk menghadiri Konferensi Jenewa II yang bertujuan menemukan solusi politik bagi krisis Suriah. Ia menegaskan, "Tidak ada yang bisa menyentuh presiden." Menlu Suriah menyatakan bahwa delegasi pemerintah akan melakukan segala upaya untuk memastikan bahwa Konferensi Perdamaian Jenewa II akan membuahkan hasil. "Kami berkomitmen untuk bekerja bagi kesuksesan konferensi ini sehingga ini adalah langkah pertama menuju dialog antarrakyat Suriah di bumi Suriah," ujarnya seperti dikutip Press TV. Al-Muallem lebih lanjut mengkritik penyelenggara konferensi atas kegagalan mereka mengundang delegasi terpisah dari oposisi yang berbasis di Damaskus, Komite Koordinasi Nasional untuk Perubahan Demokrasi (NCC)...>>> Konferensi Jenewa 2 akan diselenggarakan dalam dua bagian. Pada hari Rabu, sesi pembukaan acara akan digelar di Montreux, kemudian akan dipindahkan ke kantor PBB di Jenewa pada Jumat. Dilaporkan, Delegasi SNC, Menteri Luar Negeri Rusia Sergey Lavrov, Menteri Luar Negeri Amerika Serikat John Kerry, Kepala Kebijakan Luar Negeri Uni Eropa Catherine Ashton, dan Menteri Luar Negeri Inggris William Hague juga hadir dalam perundingan Jenewa 2. Tapi Republik Islam Iran tidak mengirimkan utusannya dalam pertemuan, karena menolak prasyarat yang ditentukan oleh AS dan sekutunya serta sejumlah Negara Arab. Meski demikian, Menteri Luar Negeri Inggris mengakui peran Iran sangat penting dalam transformasi Suriah...>>> Menteri Luar Negeri Lebanon, Adnan Mansour di sela-sela Konferensi Jenewa II di Montreux, Swiss, menyatakan bahwa negara-negara tidak mengubah sikap mereka di hadapan Suriah dan ini dilihat dari pidato para delegasi. Tasnim News melaporkan, Mansour dalam wawancaranya dengan al-Mayadeen, Rabu (22/1) mengatakan, "Sebagian besar negara masih belum mengubah sikap mereka terhadap Suriah." Ditambahkannya, "Saya tidak akan pernah menerima sebuah kelompok Lebanon, apalagi Hizbullah yang berperang melawan Israel, menjadi tertuduh dalam terorisme." Dijelaskannya, "Saya berharap pidato-pidato yang akan mengemuka setelah tiga tahun krisis, akan lebih melunak, akan tetapi ternyata tidak seperti itu yang saya saksikan." ...>>>


Syrian Peace Talks Open With Vitriol, as Official Rails at Rebels



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Protesters supporting President Bashar al-Assad of Syria demonstrated on Wednesday in Montreux, Switzerland, the site of the peace talks. Salvatore Di Nolfi/European Pressphoto Agency
MONTREUX, Switzerland — From its early moments on Wednesday, the long-delayed peace conference on Syria was marked by acrimony when Syria’s foreign minister described Syrian rebels as “evil” and ignored appeals by Ban Ki-moon, the United Nations secretary general, to avoid invective or even to yield the floor. 

By the end of the day, the sense that the new peace talks were headed for trouble was compounded when the proceedings ended without any hint of progress toward imposing local cease-fires or opening humanitarian corridors for the delivery of food and medicine to besieged towns and cities. 

In an evening news conference here, Syria’s ambassador to the United Nations, Bashar Jaafari, said that stopping terrorism, not sharing power, needed to be the priority when Syrian government officials sat down with the Syrian opposition on Friday to discuss a political solution to the bloody conflict, a stance that also appeared to promise more confrontation.



Putting the best face on the meeting, Secretary of State John Kerry told reporters on Wednesday night that it was significant that senior diplomats from 40 countries and organizations had gathered in the lakeside Swiss city of Montreux, to initiate the conference. Mr. Kerry insisted that he had always known that the talks would be “tough” and described the conference as a “process,” which he implied could last for months or even years.


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Several Syrians also expressed hope that the conference signaled the start of a process in which Syrians might eventually overcome their differences. 

“It’s a historic moment,” said Ibrahim al-Hamidi, a veteran journalist for the Saudi-owned newspaper Al Hayat who is originally from the northern Syrian city of Idlib. “After three years of military struggle, when the opposition tried very hard to destroy the regime, and the regime tried very hard to crush the opposition, this is the first time the two delegations sit down in one room under U.N. auspices.” 

But it was hard to escape the sense that the conditions for a productive negotiation between the Syrian government and the opposition had yet to be set. Mr. Kerry tried to set a positive tone on the eve of the conference by engaging in a calculated display of comity with Mr. Ban and Sergey V. Lavrov, the Russian foreign minister — a gesture that appeared intended to play down the lobbying effort by the United States to persuade the United Nations to withdraw its invitation to Iran to attend the meeting. “Do we look happy?” Mr. Lavrov quipped as the three held hands for a photo. 

But when the conference opened on Wednesday sharp differences came to the fore. Mr. Kerry said it was unthinkable that President Bashar al-Assad of Syria could play a role in a transitional administration that would govern the country as part of a political settlement. The establishment of such a transitional body by “mutual consent” of the Assad government and the Syrian opposition is the major goal of the conference. “The right to lead a country does not come from torture, nor barrel bombs, nor Scud missiles,” Mr. Kerry said. 

Mr. Lavrov challenged the American insistence that Mr. Assad be excluded from a transitional administration, arguing that the conference had to “refrain from any attempt to predetermine the outcome of the process.” 

While the stark differences between the American and Russian positions were outlined in civil tones, that diplomatic restraint was abandoned when Walid al-Moallem, the Syrian foreign minister who will lead the Syrian government’s face-to-face talks with the opposition, took the floor and accused Arab nations of financing terrorism and conspiring to destroy his country.
Speaking for more than 30 minutes, Mr. Moallem also accused insurgents of “sexual jihad” by using brainwashed women as sex slaves and engaging in incest. When Mr. Ban asked that Mr. Moallem wind up his lengthy speech, the Syrian official shot back: “You live in New York, I live in Syria.”


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Secretary of State John Kerry spoke with Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon of the United Nations on Wednesday as the peace conference on Syria opened in Montreux, Switzerland. Pool photo by Arnd Wiegmann

After Mr. Ban again urged him to be concise, Mr. Moallem said he would conclude soon, adding that “Syria always keeps its promises.” But he continued with his denunciations of the opposition and Mr. Ban later lamented that his injunction that participants take a constructive approach to the crisis “had been broken.”



Ahmad Assi al-Jarba, the president of the Syrian opposition, opened with the story of Hajar al-Khatib, 11, who he said was shot by government forces as she rode a bus to school in Rastan near the city of Homs in May 2011. That was in the early days of the protest movement that set off the uprising. “Ten thousand children have died because of the Syrian Army,” he added, singling out not only Mr. Assad but the army, which many pro-government Syrians distinguish from the political leaders as an object of patriotism. 

Mr. Jarba has said from the start that the Syrian opposition will never accept a role for Mr. Assad in a transitional government and he wondered aloud if the negotiators that the Syrian president had sent to Switzerland were prepared to contemplate that outcome. “We want to be sure we have a Syrian partner in this room,” Mr. Jarba said, adding, “Do we have such a partner?” 

Asked whether the United States had any way of putting more leverage on the Assad government, Mr. Kerry suggested that the Obama administration would support “augmented” support for the opposition, among other options. But Mr. Kerry was vague about those options, and the White House has been extremely reluctant to use force in Syria or to even treat the Syria crisis as its principal foreign policy challenge. 

On the sidelines, attempts at dialogue turned to scuffles. Outside, pro-government protesters waved the flags of the Syrian government and Hezbollah and chanted “God, Bashar and nothing else!” An opposition activist, Rami Jarrah, approached them with a television camera and interviewed them. But when he asked if Mr. Assad should be tried for war crimes, they began shouting and pushing. 


Inside, the Syrian information minister, Omran al-Zoubi, was asked by a Syrian opposition journalist from Aleppo, Adnan Hadad, about the barrel bombs that the military had used on neighborhoods in his city, killing hundreds in recent weeks. 

“This is the kind of question you ask if you support the terrorist groups,” Mr. Zoubi said. “Ask the Saudi foreign minister.”
In an interview, Fayssal Mekdad, the Syrian deputy foreign minister, said he welcomed sitting face to face with the government’s opponents. “We look forward to looking them in the eye,” he said, “and asking them, ‘Who do you represent?’ ”




PBB Tunjukkan Wajah Aslinya dengan Menarik 

Undangan Iran

IslamTimes. 
http://www.islamtimes.org/vdcco1q1e2bq0p8.5fa2.html
 
Seorang pejabat Iran mengatakan penarikan PBB atas undangan Jenewa II kepada
 Iran menunjukkan sikap yang memalukan bagi badan dunia, mengatakan langkah
 itu menunjukkan sikap tunduk organisasi kekuasaan kolonial.
PBB Tunjukkan Wajah Aslinya dengan Menarik Undangan Iran

Seorang pejabat Iran mengatakan penarikan PBB atas 
undangan Jenewa II kepada Iran menunjukkan sikap 
yang memalukan bagi badan dunia, mengatakan
langkah itu menunjukkan sikap tunduk organisasi 
kekuasaan kolonial.

"Iran tidak pernah meminta partisipasi dalam konferensi Jenewa II, dan tidak bersemangat
 untuk menghadiri acara tersebut. Mereka mengundang negara karena mereka tahu bahwa
 krisis Suriah tidak dapat diselesaikan tanpa kehadiran Iran, "kata juru bicara Komite 
 Keamanan Nasional dan Kebijakan Luar Negeri Majlis Seyyed Hossein Naqavi Hosseini 
pada hari Selasa 21/1/14.

Dia menambahkan bahwa Teheran telah menyatakan
 bahwa mereka tidak akan menerima prasyarat untuk
 berpartisipasi dalam pembicaraan Suriah, dan fakta yang
 menunjukkan Sekretaris Jenderal PBB Ban Ki -moon
 membatalkan undangan kepada Iran di bawah tekanan
 dari teroris, Takfiri dan kelompok Salafis adalah satu
 hal yang sangant menyedihkan.

"Kelompok-kelompok ini menetapkan batas waktu
 enam jam untuk PBB, dan Sekjen PBB tidak bisa
 berdiri menentang mereka. Hal ini membuktikan
 sikap tunduk badan dunia kepada kekuasaan kolonial, "
 tambah anggota parlemen Iran.(IT/TGM)
Terorisme Global

Iran akan Tuntut Arab Saudi 

di Pengadilan

Islam Times - http://www.islamtimes.org/vdch6xnxx23nkkd.yrt2.html
"Kami akan mengambil langkah hukum di organisasi internasional. Pengaturan awal
 [untuk tindakan hukum terhadap Arab Saudi] sudah dibuat," kata Marzieh Afkham 
dalam sebuah konferensi pers di Tehran, Selasa (21/1/14).
Marzieh Afkham, Jubir Kemenlu Iran.jpg
Marzieh Afkham, Jubir Kemenlu Iran.jpg

Tehran akan menuntut Arab Saudi lewat organisasi internasional setelah terjadi
 serangan teroris baru-baru ini terhadap diplomat Iran di wilayah tersebut, kata
 Jurubicara Kementerian Luar Negeri Iran.

"Kami akan mengambil langkah hukum di organisasi internasional. Pengaturan 
awal [untuk tindakan hukum terhadap Arab Saudi] sudah dibuat," kata 
 Marzieh Afkham dalam sebuah konferensi pers di Teheran, Selasa (21/1/14).

Pejabat Iran menambahkan, Tehran sudah mengumpulkan rincian dan dokumen
 yang diperlukan untuk menyiapkan laporan akhir tentang kegiatan teroris yang 
dipimpin Saudi terhadap sasaran Iran di Libanon dan Yaman hingga bisa
 menyelesaikan kasus tersebut sesuai undang-undang hukum dan kerangka yang 
lebih transparan.

"Setelah serangan teroris terhadap Republik Islam Iran di kedutaan Libanon,
 proses  tindakan [hukum] sudah mulai... Kami bekerja sama dengan 
para pejabat Libanon untuk mengumpulkan rincian demi menyajikan dokumen
 yang akurat dan otentik. Proses yang sama sedang berlangsung untuk kasus Yaman,"
 tambah Afkham.

Menlu Suriah: Masa Depan 

Assad, "Garis Merah" 

Pembicaraan di Jenewa



Menteri Luar Negeri Suriah mengatakan, peran masa depan Presiden Bashar
 al-Assad adalah "garis merah" bagi delegasi pemerintah dalam pembicaraan
 damai di Swiss.

"Isu-isu presiden dan pemerintah adalah `garis
 merah`bagi kami dan bagi rakyat Suriah," kata
 Walid al-Muallem seperti dikutip kantor berita
 resmi SANA tak lama sebelum kedatangan 
delegasinya di kota Montreux, Swiss, Selasa
 (21/1) untuk menghadiri Konferensi Jenewa II
 yang bertujuan menemukan solusi politik bagi 
krisis Suriah.

Ia menegaskan, "Tidak ada yang bisa menyentuh

presiden."
 
Menlu Suriah menyatakan bahwa delegasi 
pemerintah akan melakukan segala upaya 
untuk memastikan bahwa Konferensi Perdamaian
 Jenewa II akan membuahkan hasil.
 
"Kami berkomitmen untuk bekerja bagi kesuksesan
 konferensi ini sehingga ini adalah langkah pertama 
menuju dialog antarrakyat Suriah di bumi Suriah," 
ujarnya seperti dikutip Press TV.

Al-Muallem lebih lanjut mengkritik penyelenggara

 konferensi atas kegagalan mereka mengundang 
delegasi terpisah dari oposisi yang berbasis di 
Damaskus, Komite Koordinasi Nasional 
untuk Perubahan Demokrasi (NCC).

Selama ini, NCC menentang militansi di Suriah, tetapi oposisi yang berbasis asing
 yang disebut sebagai Koalisi Nasional Suriah (SNC), mendukung kelompok-
kelompok bersenjata yang berusaha menggulingkan pemerintah.

"PBB menyerah pada tekanan Barat dengan menolak untuk mengundang oposisi
 nasional," pungkasnya.

Delegasi SNC, Menteri Luar Negeri Rusia Sergey Lavrov, Menteri Luar Negeri
 Amerika Serikat John Kerry, Kepala Kebijakan Luar Negeri Uni Eropa Catherine
 Ashton, dan Menteri Luar Negeri Inggris William Hague juga telah tiba di Swiss.

KonferensiJenewa II dijadwalkan akan diselenggarakan dalam dua bagian.
Pada Rabu, sesi pembukaan acara akan digelar di Montreux dan kemudian
akan dipindahkan ke kantor PBB di Jenewapada Jumat. (IRIB Indonesia/RA)

 

Militer Lebanon dan Petualangan

Militer Israel


Seiring dengan eskalasi pelanggaran militer Rezim Zionis
 Israel terhadap Lebanon, militer negara ini memperketat
 penjagaan di wilayah perbatasan dengan pendudukan 
Palestina.
 
Menurut laporan berbagai sumber Lebanon, 
setelah pelanggaran berulang kali unit angkatan 
darat Israel ke wilayah Lebanon dan berlanjutnya
 pelanggaran jet tempur rezim ilegal ini ke zona 
udara selatan Lebanon dalam beberapa  hari terakhir
 memaksa militer negara ini meningkatkan kesiagaan
 unit-unit tempurnya di wilayah perbatasan.
 
Reaksi militer Lebanon terhadap pergerakan militer
 Israel di berbagai wilayah perbatasannya muncul
 ketika berbagai sumber Lebanon dua hari
 sebelumnya melaporkan terbongkarnya sejumlah 
sistem spionase baru Israel di wilayah Lebanon.

Bertepatan dengan upaya militer Lebanon untuk menjamin keamanan wilayah
perbatasannya di selatan, Presiden Michel Sleiman dan Menteri Luar Negeri Adnan
Mansour mengutuk pergerakan militer serta spionase Israel. Keduanya meminta
masyarakat internasional khususnya Dewan Keamanan PBB melakukan
langkah-langkah praktis mencegah berlanjutnya pelanggaran rezim Tel Aviv ke wilayahnya.

Meski demikian pelanggaran zona udara, darat dan laut Lebanon oleh militer Israel masih
 saja terus berlanjut. Aksi ini merupakan pelanggaran nyata Resolusi 1701 Dewan
Keamanan PBB, resolusi yang dirilis delapan tahun lalu pasca agresi 33 hari militer
Irael ke Lebanon. Resolusi ini dirilis untuk menghentikan pergerakan buas Tel Aviv
 terhadap Beirut.

Militer Lebanon berulang kali mengkritik kinerja lemah Pasukan Penjaga Perdamaian
PBB (UNIFIL) yang terus diam menyaksikan pergerakan serta spionase militer Israel.
 Peningkatan kesiagaan militer Lebanon di perbatasan selatan untuk mengontrol kondisi
juga dapat dicermati sebagai reaksi atas berbagai kelambatan. Bagaimana pun juga
 keputusan ini menunjukkan bahwa militer Lebanon siap untuk menjawab setiap
petualangan militer Israel yang mengancam kedaulatannya.

Kekhawatiran petinggi Lebanon terhadap petualangan Israel di perbatasan selatan
negara ini kian besar ketika pemerintah Beirut tengah berada dalam kondisi sensitif
dengan berbagai kendala yang harus dihadapai termasuk berlarut-larutnya
pembentukan pemerintahan baru, bentrokan antar kubu pro dan anti pemerintah
Suriah di Tripoli serta pergerakan kelompok teroris khususnya aksi pengeboman
terbaru di berbagai wilayah negara ini.

Meski sebagian kendala ini secara langsung berkaitan dengan pengaruh aktivitas
kelompok teroris Suriah di dalam wilayah Lebanon, namun dalam kondisi sepert ini,
partai dan kubu Lebanon seraya memperingatkan berlanjutnya kondisi yang ada,
 kesepakatan seluruh kubu termasuk kubu pro Barat (14 Maret) terkait pembentukan
 pemerintah baru merupakan solusi  terpenting untuk menyelesaikan
  kendala internal serta meminimalkan pelanggaran Israel terhadap kedaulatan negara ini.

Pasca pengunduran diri Najib Mikati dari posisinya sebagai perdana menteri
Lebanon di bulan Maret lalu, Tammam Salam 6 April 2013 ditunjuk untuk
membentuk pemerintahan baru. Namun mengingat friksi internal Lebanon
dan pelanggaran sejumlah pihak asing, sampai saat ini Tammam Salam belum juga
berhasil membentuk pemerintahan baru.

Oleh karena itu, berbagai kubu Lebanon seraya menekankan urgensitas perevisian
kebijakan kubu 14 Maret dan melepas ketergantungannya kepada pihak asing,
mereka menuntut dihentikannya  kebijakan yang merongrong pembentukan pemerintahan
bersatu di Lebanon.  (IRIB Indonesia/MF)

Syria Peace Conference Kicks Off 

in Montreux

Local Editor
 http://www.almanar.com.lb/english/adetails.php?eid=131756&cid=23&fromval=1&frid=23&seccatid=20&s1=1

Syria’s warring sides are gathering on Wednesday with world powers in Switzerland,
in a bid to find a peaceful solution for the nearly three year’s deadly crisis.

Meeting for the first time since the start of the conflict, the two sides could not be further
 apart as the "Geneva II" conference kicks off in Montreux on the shores of Lake Geneva.

Expectations to solve the crisis are low, but top global diplomats gatheMontreuxred for the conference
believe that simply bringing the two sides
together is a mark of some progress and
could be an important first step.
"It would be wrong to expect progress in
 the next few days in terms of major
breakthroughs," British  Foreign Secretary
 William Hague said  on arrival Tuesday.

"Nevertheless, things can be achieved once
 diplomacy starts, once diplomacy is attempted
-- we've seen that
on many other subjects, including with Iran on
its nuclear program," he added referring to
nuclear agreement reached between Iran
 and world powers.

"Everybody has to understand that this is the
 beginning of a process. It's not going to be fast. It's very bitter fighting on the ground. And so there's going to
be an absolute requirement for patience and for persistence," a senior US State Department official said.

The conference was to begin with formal speeches by UN leader Ban Ki-moon, US Secretary of State
 John Kerry and Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

The opposing Syrian sides are then expected to have their say, followed by representatives of the rest
of the about 40 nations and international groups invited to Montreux.

No direct talks are expected until Friday, when opposition and regime delegations will meet in
Geneva for negotiations that officials have said could last seven to 10 days.

Notably absent from the talks will be Iran, after Ban, pressured by the US, reversed a last-minute invitation
when the opposition said it would boycott if Tehran took part.

Sheikh Rouhani Doubts Syria Peace Talks Will Succeed

Local Editor
Iranian President Sheikh Hasan Rouhanihttp://www.almanar.com.lb/english/adetails.php?eid=131745&frid=19&cid=19&fromval=1&seccatid=32

Iranian President Sheikh Hasan Rouhani said Wednesday that Tehran does not pin much hope regarding the international conference on Syria to be held in the Swiss city today.

The President made the remarks prior to his departure for the World Economic Forum, slated for January 22-25.

Speaking to IRNA news agency, Sheikh Rouhani said he is not optimistic about the conference due to the existing circumstances.
Tehran believes that the Geneva II talks will not be successful in fighting terrorism, the President reiterated.

Source: IRNA
22-01-2014 - 09:44 Last updated 22-01-2014 - 09:44

General Ashraf Rifi’s Solitary Battle: Take Note, I am Here!

http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/general-ashraf-rifi%E2%80%99s-solitary-battle-take-note-i-am-here

General Ashraf Rifi is waging an orphaned battle in Tripoli, without a political umbrella or regional patronage, and the city is paying the price. (Photo: Marwan Tahtah).
Published Tuesday, January 21, 2014
General Ashraf Rifi is waging an orphaned battle in Tripoli, without a political umbrella or regional patronage, and the city is paying the price. The battle will change nothing in the expected political settlement, nor the positions of the various parties and the balance of power inside the city. All Rifi wants is for Saad Hariri to pay attention to him and his field commanders (the heads of the local armed groups in Tripoli) before he proceeds with the political settlement.

The breaking news that former Lebanese prime minister Saad Hariri agreed to participate in a government that would include Hezbollah ministers had not been fully digested yet when another piece of unwelcome news emerged. The president of the opposition Syrian National Coalition (SNC) Ahmad al-Jarba agreed to attend Geneva II with the modest agenda of forming a transitional government. Jabra stressed “the need to preserve the Syrian army and security agencies in the event the regime falls or is changed...”

The crowds gathered along Tripoli’s sea shore over the weekend and exchanged these two pieces of news, well-attuned to the significance of their concurrence and interconnectedness. “Saudi Arabia has U-turned” and “woe be us,” could be heard from coming from the crowded shore. 




Side cafes - which are basically broken-vans-turned-kitchens - preparing tea and nescafe, line the corniche.
“Take us for instance. We did everything to uproot Jabal Mohsen but we failed to enter it,” said one of the young men in one of the side cafes.

“We can destroy it only if we are willing to destroy our city too with the bombardment,” his friend continued, expanding on this point of view.

They concluded that trying is one thing and committing suicide is quite another. In this sense, Saudi Arabia, the SNC and the Future Movement tried but did not succeed. The two young men showed sympathy towards Hariri and refused to compare him, in this context, with the other politicians of the city: “For him, the honor of trying is enough.”

Near them, a young man quietly explained that Hariri’s latest discourse will not find support in the city. There will be no car processions roaming the streets, cheering and firing in the air. But at the same time no one with stab him in the back or incite against him except small Islamist groups. The city’s main political forces represented by Lebanese prime minister Najib Mikati and the two ministers, Mohammad al-Safadi and Faisal Karami welcome Hariri’s return to the concept of mutual understanding. 

Questions at all the tables echoed the question posed by the president of the Lebanese-Palestinian dialogue committee Khaldoun al-Sharif on Saturday: Why did Hariri waste three years if he is going to go back to the language of dialogue and the discourse of partnership? Especially as most of the residents of Tripoli have not gained anything from standing by Hariri in the past three years, but instead paid a heavy price, often with their own flesh and blood.

An almost full moon filled the city’s skyline and cars crowded the street leading to the theater of Rawdat al-Fayhaa High School where the Austrian maestro Robert Lehrbaumer was set to conduct the Lebanese Philharmonic Orchestra in a concert entitled ‘Vienne in Tripoli’. Here lay another face of the city that Austrian ambassador Ursula Fahringer, in what looked like a personal initiative, sought to show. 

For about two hours, the sound of classical music rose in the packed hall above the nearby burst of bullets. Tripoli’s leading figures, music connoisseur and previous Future Movement MP Mustafa Alloush, as well as most of the businessmen and intellectuals were there, watching a glimpse of Vienna in their city and dreaming. Meanwhile, Tripoli’s field commanders, represented by Ziad Allouki, were responding to Hariri’s latest statement with their machine guns firing at Jabal Mohsen and some Lebanese army posts.

Outside the high school, a street lined with restaurants connected this musical serenity with the insanity of war. It is almost unbelievable that the same city throbbing with all this positive energy in one quarter is living this deadly struggle in another. 

Islamist groups have nothing to do with the reemergent war in the city, even if their members impulsively take part, along with their neighbors, in firing at Jabal Mohsen. The field commanders clearly proclaimed their responsibility. So what happened this time? 

Allouki, like Rifi, was waiting for a call from Hariri to inform him about regional developments and the details of US pressure on Saudi Arabia, as well as consult with him on the available options. After all, he has given everything, as he put it, in the past two years for the sake of Hariri and his political project. On Saturday, Allouki’s brother was shot with a bullet fired from Jabal Mohsen and on that same day, his colleague, Amer Arish was stopped by the Lebanese army intelligence for about half an hour. They cannot believe Hariri’s indifference towards them. 

The Future Movement leader can get away with not consulting his ally, Lebanese Forces leader Samir Geagea, regarding his political moves and perhaps not paying too much attention to his parliamentary bloc’s opinion. But he cannot act without taking Rifi and the field commanders - the “most honorable men” - into account. These fighters believe they are waging a battle of survival. Hariri’s failure to provide a security guarantee for them before discussing any political settlement with their enemies is tantamount to public abandonment.

Rifi’s mistrust of Hariri began when the latter agreed to extend the term of Lebanese army chief general Jean Kahwaji without requiring Rifi’s own tenure as general director of the internal security forces (ISF) be extended too. More disappointments followed when Rifi was not named to head the forthcoming cabinet, when the Future Movement accepted a veto on Rifi’s nomination to head the interior ministry, and when he was categorically excluded from all possible cabinet lineups.

The fact that Allouki impetuously sat one day in the chair of the ISF northern commander reflects what they are thinking. No journalist called Rifi after Hariri’s latest position to listen to his point of view so the general issued a statement in which he condemned “firing at proud Arsal.” However, he did not issue similar statements when other Lebanese areas were hit by Syrian bombardment. In addition, no political or security need required him to jump to Arsal’s defense from Tripoli and and to avenge the town by opening a battle with the army and Jabal Mohsen. Therefore, Rifi’s escalation is not meant to put pressure on Hezbollah or the Syrian regime, but rather to get Hariri’s attention before he goes along with the new political settlement.

Experts on the nature of armed groups in Tripoli divide them into two categories. The first category consists of the field commanders and their spin offs whom Rifi managed to single-handedly control after a long struggle with various parties. These groups will be pacified once a governmental - political understanding is reached, as long as Hariri takes them into account. This will solve a major problem in North Lebanon because it is those groups and not the Islamists that have been responsible for the major tensions in the area for over two years.




The second category consists of the Islamists; most of whom adopt al-Qaeda’s vocabulary and expressions in their discussions. The list is long. It includes Hussam al-Sabbagh who has become an important figure because he did not stick his nose in the small details, Shadi al-Mawlawi and other small-time militia commanders who partnered with some of the mushrooming armed groups in Syria that were looking for counterparts on the Lebanese side, Dai al-Islam al-Shahhal, Omar Bakri Fostok and Bilal Duqmaq who celebrated the firebrand cleric Ahmad al-Assir when he visited Tripoli and flocked to Martyrs’ Square when he called them to support the Syrian people. It also includes Sheikh Bilal Baroudy and his partner Salem al-Rafii who agrees with the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria’s (ISIS) rhetoric justifying the nuns’ kidnapping in Syria and condemns the burning of al-Saeh Library not because he opposes book burning but because the charge against father Sarouj was not proven.
A security official who follows the latter group’s movements pointed out that those who fly Jabhat al-Nusra’s flag, as they did last week when they stormed mosques affiliated with al-Ahbash Movement in Tripoli, are close to Mawlawi and the jihadi groups that are still very small in Tripoli. Security sources expect this public affiliation with al-Nusra, as al-Qaeda’s official arm in the region, to be restricted to these people.

The same source believes that Hariri’s reconciliation with Hezbollah will prompt him to instruct Rifi to deal only with militia commanders who can be included in the political settlement and whose activities are not seen as problematic by international parties.

In other words, to let go of the Islamists who can join, under Rafii’s leadership, the Islamic Front. It is of interest to note that Rafii followed with great interest the Islamic Front’s birth, continues to closely follow the way it operates, and has connections with some of its influential figures through his Saudi and Turkish relationships.

This way, the Future Movement would have washed its hands of those who represented the core of its hardline devotees in the past three years without completely abandoning them. 

Tripoli’s battle today has no larger significance, according to one politician. It is politically orphaned, nothing but an echo of Rifi’s loud pleas not to be left hanging high and dry.

Local Militia Leaders Scorned

Those who know Rifi and some of the local militia leaders, such as Arish and Allouki, know that over the last year they have grown closer to Islamists than politicians and war profiteers. They have started to believe their own slogans and are willing to sacrifice their lives if needed. These men who command the streets of their city do not come from the same place that most members of the political class hail from. It is true that Rifi has become rich and Arish is no longer a destitute laborer in an auto body repair shop, but unlike Hariri they continue to live amidst their people, see their neighbors everyday, wave to them enthusiastically from the windows of their homes and cars, hear the old womens prayers on their behalf and are intoxicated by their neighbors inquiries about future regional developments. 

These men feel Hariri is putting their dignity on the line, hanging them out to dry in front of their neighbors, relatives, wives and children. It is more personal for them than it is for Future Movement MPs and officials. The least Hariri could have done was invite them for coffee in the Champ Elysees so Arish could tell his groupies in his neighborhood that the Future Movement leader consulted him before proceeding with any political settlement. Now the least they can say to Hariri before media outlets is that “he is a traitor to the Sunni community.” The wound is real and deep this time.
This article is an edited translation from the Arabic Edition.

 

Syria army uproots scores of militants in several provinces

Wednesday, January 22, 2014 10:13 AM

http://en.alalam.ir/news/1557776

Syrian army troops are jubilant for victories in several operations. (File photo)
Syrian army troops are jubilant for victories in several operations. (File photo)

The Syrian army has killed scores of foreign-backed militants and seized their weapons during ongoing mop-up operations across the Arab country.

Syrian government forces launched attacks against the militants in the provinces of Damascus, Deir Ezzor, Homs, Aleppo, Idlib, and Daraa on Tuesday and killed a large number of them, the official SANA news agency reported.

In addition, the Syrian armed forces captured a large number of machine guns, sniper rifles, rocket launchers, mortar shells, anti-tank missiles, night vision goggles, and explosive devices.

In northwestern Aleppo province, “the army units killed dozens of terrorists in the areas of Erbeed, Kweires, al-Jadida, al-Amryeh, Mayir, al-Baik Farms and near Aleppo Central Prison and the Infantry School,” a military source told SANA.
In Aleppo city, the army killed and injured several militants, who were trying to enter the neighborhood of al-Sayyed Ali. A number of insurgents were also shot dead in the neighborhoods of Salah Eddin and Bustan al-Qasr.
In the provinces of Homs, Daraa, Deir Ezzor and Idlib, the army units killed dozens of militants and captured their weapons.
Meanwhile, the government troops seized a warehouse full of weapons and ammunition used by militants near the capital Damascus.
The Syrian army has recently conducted successful clean-up operations across the country, inflicting heavy losses on the militants.
Al-Qaeda linked groups are also said to be using stimulant drugs extensively as they launch many attacks at night and are engaged in gruesome battles.
In an interview with Argentina’s Clarin newspaper in May 2013, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said militants from 29 different countries were fighting against the government in different parts of the country.
Syria has been gripped by deadly unrest since March 2011. According to reports, the Western powers and their regional allies -- especially Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey -- are supporting the militants operating inside Syria.
NTJ/BA
- See more at: http://en.alalam.ir/news/1557776#sthash.np0wZ4hd.dpuf

Remembering Haret Hreik’s Victims: Loss, Tears, and Perseverance 

http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/remembering-haret-hreik%E2%80%99s-victims-loss-tears-and-perseverance

Maria Jawhari, an 18-year-old resident of the area, posted on her Facebook page: “This is the third bombing I escaped from, I don’t know if I’ll die in the fourth.” (Photo: Facebook).
Published Tuesday, January 21, 2014
On 2 January, after a car bomb exploded in the Haret Hreik neighborhood in Beirut’s southern suburbs killing five people, Maria Jawhari, an 18-year-old resident of the area, posted on her Facebook page: “This is the third bombing I escaped from, I don’t know if I’ll die in the fourth.”
More than two weeks later, her words would transform into a tragic reality.
On Tuesday, Jawhari died due to injuries sustained from a suicide attack that struck the same neighborhood, not far off from where the last bombing in the Beirut’s southern suburbs occurred.
Nusra Front’s Lebanon branch claimed responsibility for the blast that killed Jawhari, Ali Bashir, Ahmed Obaidi, and Khodr Srour, as well as wounding 31.
Jawhari was at the cafe which bore the brunt of the explosion, taking a brief break from her work at a shoe store nearby.
One twitter user who knew her wrote:
“The martyred Maria loved the singer Najwa Karam and was aiming to be a caring [homemaker] and loved life.”
Like the previous bombings that struck Lebanon in the past few weeks, Jawhari’s tragic death resonated strongly with the public. As it was for previous victims before her such as Mohammed Shaar and Malak Zahwe, the social and mainstream media circulated her personal pictures, and mourned the loss of another Lebanese youth.
The same was true for 19-year-old Engineering student Ali Bashir, another young victim of Tuesday’s bombing who was at the same cafe Jawhari was at. He died soon after at the Bahman hospital from severe injuries.
As with Jawhari, his picture was actively passed around Facebook and Twitter, with many expressing utmost sorrow that his future potential was suddenly, and violently, snuffed out.
A third, older victim was Ahmed Obeidi, a 50-year old father of four children. He died in his car which was right next to the blast, his son was with him and survived.
Speaking to Lebanese channel New TV, Obeidi’s brother, Mohammed Obeidi, said of the victim:
"He was on his way to drop of some things in the neighborhood. This is his car here," the brother said as he gestured towards the smoldering, blackened vehicles. "I didn't think I'd ever lose my brother like this."
"We are from Tariq al-Jadidah," he said, referring to the the district just north of Haret Hareik.
"We come here all the time, we are open with everyone, Shias, Sunnis, Maronites, Christians, it doesn't matter. We are all families."
It was a sentiment shared by another twitter user:
“Ahmad Obeidi and Ali Ibrahim Bashir...Sunni blood mixed with Shia blood...O, terrorist, congratulations, you have failed and do not try again…”
The final victim was Khodr Srour. Not much is known of Srour at the moment and he was not killed by the blast itself, rather he died from a fatal heart attack at the scene. His loss is no less important, for his family, friends, and the country, than the three others that fateful morning.
The four victims will be buried. Eulogies will be made, tears will be shed, and politicians will likely use these deaths, as with others before, to further their own interests. And Lebanese society will endure, as it must, and continue to live life as normally as possible in circumstances that are painfully extraordinary.

Comments

Me as Lebanese I love Sunni ,Shia, Druze, Alawi, Christians, because we are all brothers. My deepest condolences to the families that have lost the love once . As Lebanese it makes me very sad when my brothers and sisters are dying for nothing. MY LEBANESE BROTHER AND SISTERS WAKE UP AND WORK FORGIVE EACHOTHER START TO WORK FOR STRONG LEBANON , THAT WILL BE FOOL OF LOVE AND HAPPINESS FOR ALL OF US LEBANESE.
NO LEBANESE SHOULD DIE FOR OTHER COUNTRIES INTERRESTS. I LOVE YOU ALL MY DEAR BROTHERS AND SISTERS, SUNNI, SHIA, DRUZE, ALAWI, CHRISTIANS I LOVE YOU ALL YOU ARE ALL MY BROTHERS AND SISTERS. YOUR PRESURES LIVES ARE WORTH A LOT DONT WASTE THEM!!!!!!!
Respects to you and all the martyrs. R.I.P Maria (+
My heart weeps for all in Lebanon, and in Beirut particularly. I have such fond memories of a visit in 2011.
My prayers for peace, and comfort for those who have lost loved ones.
It is sad. That is radical Islam for you. The racial extremist believe they are following the Quran the closest. You know I believe they are.
Profoundly heartbreaking.
Profoundly heartbreaking.
Profoundly tragic.



Syria army uproots scores of militants in several provinces

Syrian army troops are jubilant for victories in several operations. (File photo)
Syrian army troops are jubilant for victories in several operations. (File photo)
The Syrian army has killed scores of foreign-backed militants and seized their weapons during ongoing mop-up operations across the Arab country.
Syrian government forces launched attacks against the militants in the provinces of Damascus, Deir Ezzor, Homs, Aleppo, Idlib, and Daraa on Tuesday and killed a large number of them, the official SANA news agency reported.
In addition, the Syrian armed forces captured a large number of machine guns, sniper rifles, rocket launchers, mortar shells, anti-tank missiles, night vision goggles, and explosive devices.
In northwestern Aleppo province, “the army units killed dozens of terrorists in the areas of Erbeed, Kweires, al-Jadida, al-Amryeh, Mayir, al-Baik Farms and near Aleppo Central Prison and the Infantry School,” a military source told SANA.
In Aleppo city, the army killed and injured several militants, who were trying to enter the neighborhood of al-Sayyed Ali. A number of insurgents were also shot dead in the neighborhoods of Salah Eddin and Bustan al-Qasr.
In the provinces of Homs, Daraa, Deir Ezzor and Idlib, the army units killed dozens of militants and captured their weapons.
Meanwhile, the government troops seized a warehouse full of weapons and ammunition used by militants near the capital Damascus.
The Syrian army has recently conducted successful clean-up operations across the country, inflicting heavy losses on the militants.
Al-Qaeda linked groups are also said to be using stimulant drugs extensively as they launch many attacks at night and are engaged in gruesome battles.
In an interview with Argentina’s Clarin newspaper in May 2013, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad said militants from 29 different countries were fighting against the government in different parts of the country.
Syria has been gripped by deadly unrest since March 2011. According to reports, the Western powers and their regional allies -- especially Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey -- are supporting the militants operating inside Syria.
NTJ/BA
- See more at: http://en.alalam.ir/news/1557776#sthash.np0wZ4hd.dpuf

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