Kamis, 26 Februari 2015

Why Israel's Netanyahu Is So Desperate to Prevent Peace with Iran...?? >> In an unprecedented move, 200 veterans of the Israeli security services accused Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Sunday of being a “danger” to Israel. The new group, called Commanders for Israel’s Security, warned that Netanyahu was doing irreparable harm to the country’s relationship with Washington, just two days before he is due to address the US Congress. The Israeli prime minister is expected to use the speech to try to undermine negotiations currently taking place between major world powers and Iran. He has claimed that any agreement reached at the talks’ conclusion, later this month, will leave Iran a “nuclear threshold state” hellbent on destroying Israel. Half a dozen former generals spoke out at a press conference in Tel Aviv on Sunday, urging Netanyahu to cancel the speech before ties with the US deteriorate even further. The White House is reported to be furious that Netanyahu arranged his appearance before Congress behind President Barack Obama’s back...??.>>>Pengabdian Jujur Qatar Kepada Israel dan AS....??? ...>> "Pesawat-pesawat AS menjatuhkan senjata untuk teroris ISIS di daerah yang dikuasai ISIS dan bahkan di daerah-daerah yang baru-baru ini bebas dari kontrol ISIS untuk mendorong mereka kembali ke sana," kata koordinator pasukan relawan Irak, Jafar al-Jaberi seperti dirilis Fars News kemarin (25/2). Dia mencatat bahwa saksi mata di al-Havijeh, Provinsi Kirkuk menyaksikan pesawat AS menjatuhkan beberapa bungkusan mencurigakan untuk teroris ISIS. "Dua pesawat koalisi juga terlihat di atas kota Al-Khas di Diyala dan mereka membawa teroris Takfiri ke wilayah yang baru-baru ini dibebaskan dari kontrol ISIS," lanjutnya.... >>Arab Saudi siap membantu Israel dalam serangan terhadap Iran termasuk penggunaan wilayah udara, ungkap media Israel, memperjelas persekutuan dekat yang terjalin di antara keduanya. Mengutip siaran TV Channel 2 Israel, Jerussalem Post kemarin (24/2) melaporkan kesiapan Saudi itu dinyatakan dalam pembicaraan pribadi dengan sumber-sumber Eropa....>> NNA lebih lanjut mengatakan unit tentara dengan 20-anggota itu didukung oleh tank Merkava dalam misi memonitoring wilayah. Pasukan Israel bergerak maju di sepanjang tepi sungai, kata kantor berita Libanon itu. Unit militer Israel pada Kamis pagi, 26/02/15, merangsek maju menuju sungai al-Wazzani di perbatasan selatan Libanon yang meningkatkan kesiagaan tentara Libanon dan pasukan penjaga perdamaian PBB, demikian menukil laporan National News Agency (NNA). NNA lebih lanjut mengatakan unit tentara dengan 20-anggota itu didukung oleh tank Merkava dalam misi memonitoring wilayah. Pasukan Israel bergerak maju di sepanjang tepi sungai, kata kantor berita Libanon itu. >>Cohen menilai pidato Netanyahu "yang menentang kebijakan luar negeri" Amerika adalah sesuatu di luar batas. Wakil Presiden AS Joe Biden dan beberapa anggota parlemen Demokrat lain juga akan memboikot pidato. Gedung Putih menyebut undangan Netanyahu itu melanggar aturan protokol dan bisa menggagalkan perundingan nuklir dengan Iran...>>>



Noam Chomsky: Why Israel's Netanyahu Is So Desperate to Prevent Peace with Iran

http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/intelligence-leaks-suggest-israeli-secret-service-believe-iran-not-producing-nuclear-weapons

The distinguished professor lays bare Israel's motives.
Photo Credit: Yakub88/Shutterstock.com
http://www.alternet.org/world/noam-chomsky-why-israels-netanyahu-so-desperate-prevent-peace-iran
 
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has arrived in the United States as part of his bid to stop a nuclear deal with Iran during a controversial speech before the U.S. Congress on Tuesday. Dozens of Democrats are threatening to boycott the address, which was arranged by House Speaker John Boehner without consulting the White House. Netanyahu’s visit comes just as Iran and six world powers, including the United States, are set to resume talks in a bid to meet a March 31 deadline. "For both Prime Minister Netanyahu and the hawks in Congress, mostly Republican, the primary goal is to undermine any potential negotiation that might settle whatever issue there is with Iran," says Noam Chomsky, institute professor emeritus at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "They have a common interest in ensuring there is no regional force that can serve as any kind of deterrent to Israeli and U.S. violence, the major violence in the region." Chomsky also responds to recent revelations that in 2012 the Israeli spy agency, Mossad, contradicted Netanyahu’s own dire warnings about Iran’s ability to produce a nuclear bomb, concluding that Iran was "not performing the activity necessary to produce weapons."

TRANSCRIPT
This is a rush transcript. Copy may not be in its final form.

AARON MATÉ: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has arrived in Washington as part of his bid to stop a nuclear deal with Iran. Netanyahu will address the lobby group AIPAC today, followed by a controversial speech before Congress on Tuesday. The visit comes just as Iran and six world powers, including the U.S., are set to resume talks in a bid to meet a March 31st deadline. At the White House, Press Secretary Josh Earnest said Netanyahu’s trip won’t threaten the outcome.
PRESS SECRETARY JOSH EARNEST: I think the short answer to that is: I don’t think so. And the reason is simply that there is a real opportunity for us here. And the president is hopeful that we are going to have an opportunity to do what is clearly in the best interests of the United States and Israel, which is to resolve the international community’s concerns about Iran’s nuclear program at the negotiating table.
AARON MATÉ: The trip has sparked the worst public rift between the U.S. and Israel in over two decades. Dozens of Democrats could boycott Netanyahu’s address to Congress, which was arranged by House Speaker John Boehner without consulting the White House. The Obama administration will send two officials, National Security Adviser Susan Rice and U.N. Ambassador Samantha Power, to address the AIPAC summit today. This comes just days after Rice called Netanyahu’s visit, quote, "destructive."

AMY GOODMAN: Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is also facing domestic criticism for his unconventional Washington visit, which comes just two weeks before an election in which he seeks a third term in Israel. On Sunday, a group representing nearly 200 of Israel’s top retired military and intelligence officials accused Netanyahu of assaulting the U.S.-Israel alliance.
But despite talk of a U.S. and Israeli dispute, the Obama administration has taken pains to display its staunch support for the Israeli government. Speaking just today in Geneva, Secretary of State John Kerry blasted the U.N. Human Rights Council for what he called an "obsession" and "bias" against Israel. The council is expected to release a report in the coming weeks on potential war crimes in Israel’s U.S.-backed Gaza assault last summer.
For more, we spend the hour today with world-renowned political dissident, linguist, author, Noam Chomsky. He has written over a hundred books, most recently On Western Terrorism: From Hiroshima to Drone Warfare. His forthcoming book, co-authored with Ilan Pappé, is titled On Palestine and will be out next month. Noam Chomsky is institute professor emeritus at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he’s taught for more than 50 years.
Noam Chomsky, it’s great to have you back here at Democracy Now!, and particularly in our very snowy outside, but warm inside, New York studio.

NOAM CHOMSKY: Delighted to be here again.

AMY GOODMAN: Well, Noam, let’s start with Netanyahu’s visit. He is set to make this unprecedented joint address to Congress, unprecedented because of the kind of rift it has demonstrated between the Republicans and the Democratic president, President Obama. Can you talk about its significance?

NOAM CHOMSKY: For both president—Prime Minister Netanyahu and the hawks in Congress, mostly Republican, the primary goal is to undermine any potential negotiation that might settle whatever issue there is with Iran. They have a common interest in ensuring that there is no regional force that can serve as any kind of deterrent to Israeli and U.S. violence, the major violence in the region. And it is—if we believe U.S. intelligence—don’t see any reason not to—their analysis is that if Iran is developing nuclear weapons, which they don’t know, it would be part of their deterrent strategy. Now, their general strategic posture is one of deterrence. They have low military expenditures. According to U.S. intelligence, their strategic doctrine is to try to prevent an attack, up to the point where diplomacy can set in. I don’t think anyone with a grey cell functioning thinks that they would ever conceivably use a nuclear weapon, or even try to. The country would be obliterated in 15 seconds. But they might provide a deterrent of sorts. And the U.S. and Israel certainly don’t want to tolerate that. They are the forces that carry out regular violence and aggression in the region and don’t want any impediment to that.
And for the Republicans in Congress, there’s another interest—namely, to undermine anything that Obama, you know, the Antichrist, might try to do. So that’s a separate issue there. The Republicans stopped being an ordinary parliamentary party some years ago. They were described, I think accurately, by Norman Ornstein, the very respected conservative political analyst, American Enterprise Institute; he said the party has become a radical insurgency which has abandoned any commitment to parliamentary democracy. And their goal for the last years has simply been to undermine anything that Obama might do, in an effort to regain power and serve their primary constituency, which is the very wealthy and the corporate sector. They try to conceal this with all sorts of other means. In doing so, they’ve had to—you can’t get votes that way, so they’ve had to mobilize sectors of the population which have always been there but were never mobilized into an organized political force: evangelical Christians, extreme nationalists, terrified people who have to carry guns into Starbucks because somebody might be after them, and so on and so forth. That’s a big force. And inspiring fear is not very difficult in the United States. It’s a long history, back to colonial times, of—as an extremely frightened society, which is an interesting story in itself. And mobilizing people in fear of them, whoever "them" happens to be, is an effective technique used over and over again. And right now, the Republicans have—their nonpolicy has succeeded in putting them back in a position of at least congressional power. So, the attack on—this is a personal attack on Obama, and intended that way, is simply part of that general effort. But there is a common strategic concern underlying it, I think, and that is pretty much what U.S. intelligence analyzes: preventing any deterrent in the region to U.S. and Israeli actions.

AARON MATÉ: You say that nobody with a grey cell thinks that Iran would launch a strike, were it to have nuclear weapons, but yet Netanyahu repeatedly accuses Iran of planning a new genocide against the Jewish people. He said this most recently on Holocaust Remembrance Day in January, saying that the ayatollahs are planning a new holocaust against us. And that’s an argument that’s taken seriously here.

NOAM CHOMSKY: It’s taken seriously by people who don’t stop to think for a minute. But again, Iran is under extremely close surveillance. U.S. satellite surveillance knows everything that’s going on in Iran. If Iran even began to load a missile—that is, to bring a missile near a weapon—the country would probably be wiped out. And whatever you think about the clerics, the Guardian Council and so on, there’s no indication that they’re suicidal.

AARON MATÉ: The premise of these talks—Iran gets to enrich uranium in return for lifting of U.S. sanctions—do you see that as a fair parameter? Does the U.S. have the right, to begin with, to be imposing sanctions on Iran?

NOAM CHOMSKY: No, it doesn’t. What are the right to impose sanctions? Iran should be imposing sanctions on us. I mean, it’s worth remembering—when you hear the White House spokesman talk about the international community, it wants Iran to do this and that, it’s important to remember that the phrase "international community" in U.S. discourse refers to the United States and anybody who may be happening to go along with it. That’s the international community. If the international community is the world, it’s quite a different story. So, two years ago, the Non-Aligned—former Non-Aligned Movement—it’s a large majority of the population of the world—had their regular conference in Iran in Tehran. And they, once again, vigorously supported Iran’s right to develop nuclear power as a signer of the Non-Proliferation Treaty. That’s the international community. The United States and its allies are outliers, as is usually the case.
And as far as sanctions are concerned, it’s worth bearing in mind that it’s now 60 years since—during the past 60 years, not a day has passed without the U.S. torturing the people of Iran. It began with overthrowing the parliamentary regime and installing a tyrant, the shah, supporting the shah through very serious human rights abuses and terror and violence. As soon as he was overthrown, almost instantly the United States turned to supporting Iraq’s attack against Iran, which was a brutal and violent attack. U.S. provided critical support for it, pretty much won the war for Iraq by entering directly at the end. After the war was over, the U.S. instantly supported the sanctions against Iran. And though this is kind of suppressed, it’s important. This is George H.W. Bush now. He was in love with Saddam Hussein. He authorized further aid to Saddam in opposition to the Treasury and others. He sent a presidential delegation—a congressional delegation to Iran. It was April 1990—1989, headed by Bob Dole, the congressional—

AMY GOODMAN: To Iraq? Sent to Iraq?

NOAM CHOMSKY: To Iraq. To Iraq, sorry, yeah—to offer his greetings to Saddam, his friend, to assure him that he should disregard critical comment that he hears in the American media: We have this free press thing here, and we can’t shut them up. But they said they would take off from Voice of America, take off critics of their friend Saddam. That was—he invited Iraqi nuclear engineers to the United States for advanced training in weapons production. This is right after the Iraq-Iran War, along with sanctions against Iran. And then it continues without a break up to the present.
There have been repeated opportunities for a settlement of whatever the issues are. And so, for example, in, I guess it was, 2010, an agreement was reached between Brazil, Turkey and Iran for Iran to ship out its low-enriched uranium for storage elsewhere—Turkey—and in return, the West would provide the isotopes that Iran needs for its medical reactors. When that agreement was reached, it was bitterly condemned in the United States by the president, by Congress, by the media. Brazil was attacked for breaking ranks and so on. The Brazilian foreign minister was sufficiently annoyed so that he released a letter from Obama to Brazil proposing exactly that agreement, presumably on the assumption that Iran wouldn’t accept it. When they did accept it, they had to be attacked for daring to accept it.

And 2012, 2012, you know, there was to be a meeting in Finland, December, to take steps towards establishing a nuclear weapons-free zone in the region. This is an old request, pushed initially by Egypt and the other Arab states back in the early '90s. There's so much support for it that the U.S. formally agrees, but not in fact, and has repeatedly tried to undermine it. This is under the U.N. auspices, and the meeting was supposed to take place in December. Israel announced that they would not attend. The question on everyone’s mind is: How will Iran react? They said that they would attend unconditionally. A couple of days later, Obama canceled the meeting, claiming the situation is not right for it and so on. But that would be—even steps in that direction would be an important move towards eliminating whatever issue there might be. Of course, the stumbling block is that there is one major nuclear state: Israel. And if there’s a Middle East nuclear weapons-free zone, there would be inspections, and neither Israel nor the United States will tolerate that.

AMY GOODMAN: I want to ask you about major revelations that have been described as the biggest leak since Edward Snowden. Last week, Al Jazeera started publishing a series of spy cables from the world’s top intelligence agencies. In one cable, the Israeli spy agency Mossad contradicts Prime Minister Netanyahu’s own dire warnings about Iran’s ability to produce a nuclear bomb within a year. In a report to South African counterparts in October 2012, the Israeli Mossad concluded Iran is "not performing the activity necessary to produce weapons." The assessment was sent just weeks after Netanyahu went before the U.N. General Assembly with a far different message. Netanyahu held up a cartoonish diagram of a bomb with a fuse to illustrate what he called Iran’s alleged progress on a nuclear weapon.
PRIME MINISTER BENJAMIN NETANYAHU: This is a bomb. This is a fuse. In the case of Iran’s nuclear plans to build a bomb, this bomb has to be filled with enough enriched uranium. And Iran has to go through three stages. By next spring, at most by next summer, at current enrichment rates, they will have finished the medium enrichment and move on to the final stage. From there, it’s only a few months, possibly a few weeks, before they get enough enriched uranium for the first bomb. A red line should be drawn right here, before—before Iran completes the second stage of nuclear enrichment necessary to make a bomb.
AMY GOODMAN: That was Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in September 2012. The Mossad assessment contradicting Netanyahu was sent just weeks after, but it was likely written earlier. It said Iran, quote, "does not appear to be ready," unquote, to enrich uranium to the highest levels needed for a nuclear weapon. A bomb would require 90 percent enrichment, but Mossad found Iran had only enriched to 20 percent. That number was later reduced under an interim nuclear deal the following year. The significance of this, Noam Chomsky, as Prime Minister Netanyahu prepares for this joint address before Congress to undermine a U.S.-Iranian nuclear deal?

NOAM CHOMSKY: Well, the striking aspect of this is the chutzpah involved. I mean, Israel has had nuclear weapons for probably 50 years or 40 years. They have, estimates are, maybe 100, 200 nuclear weapons. And they are an aggressive state. Israel has invaded Lebanon five times. It’s carrying out an illegal occupation that carries out brutal attacks like Gaza last summer. And they have nuclear weapons. But the main story is that if—incidentally, the Mossad analysis corresponds to U.S. intelligence analysis. They don’t know if Iran is developing nuclear weapons. But I think the crucial fact is that even if they were, what would it mean? It would be just as U.S. intelligence analyzes it: It would be part of a deterrent strategy. They couldn’t use a nuclear weapon. They couldn’t even threaten to use it. Israel, on the other hand, can; has, in fact, threatened the use of nuclear weapons a number of times.

AMY GOODMAN: So why is Netanyahu doing this?

NOAM CHOMSKY: Because he doesn’t want to have a deterrent in the region. That’s simple enough. If you’re an aggressive, violent state, you want to be able to use force freely. You don’t want anything that might impede it.

AMY GOODMAN: Do you think this in any way has undercut the U.S. relationship with Israel, the Netanyahu-Obama conflict that, what, Susan Rice has called destructive?

NOAM CHOMSKY: There is undoubtedly a personal relationship which is hostile, but that’s happened before. Back in around 1990 under first President Bush, James Baker went as far as—the secretary of state—telling Israel, "We’re not going to talk to you anymore. If you want to contact me, here’s my phone number." And, in fact, the U.S. imposed mild sanctions on Israel, enough to compel the prime minister to resign and be replaced by someone else. But that didn’t change the relationship, which is based on deeper issues than personal antagonisms.
tanggal Berita : Thursday 26 February 2015 - 09:45
 ww.islamtimes.org/id/doc/article/443263/ 

Israeli Security Veterans Speak Out Against Netanyahu, Calling Him a 'Danger' to Israel

Former generals urge Netanyahu to cancel his speech to Congress before damaging U.S. relations even further.
 http://www.alternet.org/world/israeli-security-veterans-speak-out-against-netanyahu-calling-him-danger-israel
 
In an unprecedented move, 200 veterans of the Israeli security services accused Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Sunday of being a “danger” to Israel.
The new group, called Commanders for Israel’s Security, warned that Netanyahu was doing irreparable harm to the country’s relationship with Washington, just two days before he is due to address the US Congress.
The Israeli prime minister is expected to use the speech to try to undermine negotiations currently taking place between major world powers and Iran. He has claimed that any agreement reached at the talks’ conclusion, later this month, will leave Iran a “nuclear threshold state” hellbent on destroying Israel.
Half a dozen former generals spoke out at a press conference in Tel Aviv on Sunday, urging Netanyahu to cancel the speech before ties with the US deteriorate even further.
The White House is reported to be furious that Netanyahu arranged his appearance before Congress behind President Barack Obama’s back.
With an Israeli election less than three weeks away, Netanyahu has already faced attacks from centrist political rivals and parts of the Israeli media over his clashes with the White House on Iran.
But it is the first time he has faced a large-scale backlash from members of Israel’s security establishment – and the statement of the 200 is likely to be more damaging to Netanyahu’s popular image as a strong leader on security matters.
The group comprises retired officers and those serving in the reserves, all of whom held a rank equivalent to general. Many are household names.
Yaron Ezrahi, a politics professor at Hebrew University and expert on Israeli-US relations, said there was no precedent for what he termed a “rebellion” by so many former senior officials.
“This is a very powerful and distinguished group of former commanders, who are extremely worried about where Netanyahu is taking Israel right now,” he said.
“It is clear they are speaking not only for themselves but also on behalf of many active commanders who are not allowed to speak their mind but share this group’s views.”

6,000 years of experience

General Amnon Reshef, widely regarded in Israel as a hero for his role in the 1973 war against Egypt and Syria, said the group’s membership had grown rapidly since he established it three months ago.
“We are experts with more than 6,000 years of security experience between us,” he told Middle East Eye. “It is time the prime minister listened to us before he wrecks our strategic interests with our closest ally.
“Nothing good for Israel can come from humiliating the US president.”
Among the generals denouncing Netanyahu on Sunday was Amiram Levin, a former head of the elite Sayeret Matkal commando unit, in which Netanyahu himself served.
Reshef’s attack echoed that of Meir Dagan, a former head of Israel’s spy agency Mossad, who has called separately for Israeli voters to remove Netanyahu.
Dagan, who is due to speak at an anti-Netanyahu rally next Saturday, told the Yedioth Aharonoth daily last Friday that the Israeli prime minister was taking “intolerable risks” with Israel’s security.
“The veto umbrella provided by the Americans [at the United Nations Security Council] could vanish, and Israel would promptly find itself facing international sanctions,” he added.
Ezrahi said the spate of attacks on Netanyahu by such high-level figures could become a “turning-point” in the elections.
“The difference between a right-wing Netanyahu government and a centrist one is a handful of seats, so these criticisms have the potential to do him a lot of damage.”
Netanyahu’s stance on Iran received a further blow last week with publication of a leaked Mossad document. It showed that he had misled the United Nations in 2012 about his own intelligence services’ assessment of the threat posed by Iran’s nuclear programme.
According to the Mossad report, Tehran was not actively pursuing a military nuclear programme. In contrast, Netanyahu had warned the international community that the Iranians were only a year away from building a bomb.
Iran denies that its nuclear research is aimed at developing weapons, saying it seeks only a civilian energy programme.

Growing distrust

In a possible sign of the increasing distrust between the Israeli prime minister and his closest security officials, Netanyahu is reported to have kept his national security adviser, Yossi Cohen, in the dark about his address to Congress.
The US media reported last week that Cohen, a former senior Mossad official, had privately expressed concern to US officials about Netanyahu’s speech.
Reshef said that the group would use its high profile to wage a public relations campaign to persuade the Israeli public that Netanyahu’s approach was wrong.
“It is not going to be easy,” he said. “Israelis have been brainwashed for many years. We need to give them a different message – they need to understand the real situation and Israel’s true interests.”
A poll by the Israel Democracy Institute recently found that 58 per cent of Israeli Jews believed a Netanyahu government would be best placed to deal with Israel’s security issues.
Reshef said Commanders for Israel’s Security had wider concerns about Netanyahu’s policy in the region.
The group was set up late last year to put pressure on Netanyahu’s government to re-enter peace talks with the Palestinians based on the Arab Peace Initiative, a Saudi plan that would normalise relations between Israel and the Arab world in return for the establishment of a Palestinian state.
“We can’t keep waging a war every couple of years in Gaza or with our neighbours,” said Reshef.
Netanyahu has in the past justified his refusal to agree to a complete withdrawal from the occupied West Bank on the grounds that Iran would set up “terror bases” there as soon as the army left.
Reshef rejected this scenario. “The IDF (Israeli army) is very strong and can defend Israel’s borders. We can deal with the threats from all of Israel’s enemies.”

Hawkish views

The group includes security veterans known for their hawkish positions, including former military chief of staff Dan Halutz. He called for leftwing activists who criticised an operation he ordered in 2002 against Hamas leader Salah Shahadeh in Gaza that killed more than a dozen Palestinian civilians, most of them children, to be tried for treason.
Ezrahi told MEE there were two specific factors driving the security establishment’s campaign against Netanyahu.
The first related to the damage he was seen to be doing to the traditionally strong ties between the Israeli and US militaries.
“These commanders have spent a lot of time in the US, at the Pentagon. They have a close working relationship with the US command and rely on their support for equipment, strategy, intelligence-sharing. All of that is under threat from Netanyahu’s behaviour.”
Further, Netanyahu’s removal of a diplomatic horizon had left senior commanders feeling they were carrying an impossible burden in policing the occupied territories.
“They recognise that there is no military solution to Israel’s predicament with the Palestinians and that borders created by force are inherently fragile and insecure.”
Tamir Pardo, the current Mossad head, is reported to have privately rejected Netanyahu’s claim that dealing with Iran was Israel’s top priority. According to the Haaretz newspaper, he told a group of Israeli businesspeople last summer that the “biggest threat to Israel’s security is the conflict with the Palestinians and not Iran’s nuclear programme.”
Of particular concern among the security agencies, said Neve Gordon, a politics professor at Ben Gurion University in Beersheva, has been Netanyahu’s threats to launch an attack on Iran without support from Washington.
“The view is that an Israeli attack could only set back Iran’s nuclear programme a few months or a year, but the consequences in the region would be harsh indeed,” he said. “They don’t see any benefits from Netanyahu’s approach, but they do see a lot of dangers.”

Jittery about Pentagon ties

Almost as soon as he stepped down as head of Mossad four years ago, Dagan slammed Netanyahu’s idea of an Israeli attack on Iran, calling it the “stupidest thing I have ever heard”.
In his interview on Friday, Dagan said covert operations designed to bring about regime change were a better approach: “What we could have done was gain time with secret operations or nurture opposition forces and minorities within Iran.”
According to Israeli analyst Ben Caspit, the security establishment has become increasingly jittery about the future of its relationship with the Pentagon.
Caspit said some officials were worried that the US might consider abandoning its traditional Middle East allies, such as Israel, Saudi Arabia and Egypt, in favour of strengthening relations with Tehran. They fear that the Pentagon might conclude its support for Iran is more important in stabilising the region than backing Israel.
Citing a senior US official, Caspit dismissed the idea as a “conspiracy theory”, but observed it was one gaining traction among Israeli security service staff.
Such fears will only have been heightened by reports that the Obama administration is refusing to share information with Israel about the Iran talks after suspicions that Netanyahu has been leaking details to undermine the White House’s position.
Ezrahi said Netanyahu was currently more concerned about keeping the electoral support of his right-wing constituency than antagonising his military commanders.
Netanyahu had earlier staked much of his credibility with the Israeli public on bombing Iran but had been blocked by opposition from his commanders, as well as the US and Europe, added Ezrahi.

He now needed to create a similar kind of “drama to prove he is a tough military leader” by taking on the White House in place of Iran. Ezrahi said: “The speech is like a diplomatic missile aimed directly at the White House.”
That view was confirmed by Israeli political analyst Yossi Verter. He said Netanyahu’s election strategists had concluded that “every American slap in Netanyahu’s face only strengthens support for their party’s leader among his electoral base.” One reportedly told him: “Obama is our best campaigner.”
Uri Avnery, a veteran peace activist and former MP, wrote at the weekend that the address to Congress would be a perfect election stunt for Netanyahu. “It will show him at his best. The great statesman, addressing the most important parliament in the world, pleading for the very existence of Israel.”
If Netanyahu wins the election on 17 March, as is currently predicted, Ezrahi expected him to seek a unity government with the centrist Zionist Camp party. “He will be facing threats of economic sanctions and diplomatic isolation, and will want to present a more moderate face to the world.”
Jonathan Cook won the Martha Gellhorn Special Prize for Journalism. His latest books are “Israel and the Clash of Civilisations: Iraq, Iran and the Plan to Remake the Middle East” and “Disappearing Palestine: Israel’s Experiments in Human Despair.”


Ukraine rebels take 'piecemeal' approach to ceasefire - Kerry 

John Kerry: ''In Crimea and in the separatist-controlled areas of eastern Ukraine, men, women and children are being killed''
US Secretary of State John Kerry has accused pro-Russia separatists of a "piecemeal" approach to the ceasefire agreement for eastern Ukraine.
Speaking at the UN, he said the rebels were only withdrawing heavy weapons from the front line in selective areas.
Meanwhile Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said there had been "tangible progress" with the truce.
Both Ukraine and the rebels say they are withdrawing heavy weapons in line with the deal made in Minsk last month.
Monitors from the OSCE security group have reported weapons movements on both sides but say it is too early to confirm a full withdrawal.
Mr Kerry and Mr Lavrov held talks on Monday as tensions remain high over the conflict. The fragile ceasefire is said to be broadly holding, despite some fighting in recent days.

'Merciless devastation'

Speaking at the UN Human Rights Council, Mr Kerry said he had warned Russia that it faced further sanctions if the conditions of the ceasefire were not met in full.
But he said he was optimistic the truce could be completed in "hours, certainly not more than days".
"I'm very hopeful that it will in fact be the start of a change which would be an improvement for everybody," he told a news conference in Geneva. 

An elderly woman walks across a destroyed bridge near the airport in Donetsk, Ukraine - 1 March 2015  
The ceasefire has been holding in much of eastern Ukraine but there have been sporadic clashes

Fighting began in Ukraine's eastern Donetsk and Luhansk regions last April, a month after Russia annexed the Crimea peninsula.
Mr Kerry's meeting with Mr Lavrov - the first since he accused Russia of lying about its role in Ukraine's war - coincided with the release of a UN human rights report.
The report states that the conflict has claimed at least 6,000 lives, with hundreds killed in the past few weeks alone, although it says that the real number of fatalities could be considerably higher.
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein said it painted a picture of "merciless devastation of civilian lives and infrastructure".
The document refers to "credible accounts" of heavy weapons and foreign fighters continuing to flow into eastern Ukraine from Russia.
The Ukrainian government, Western leaders and Nato say there is clear evidence that Russia is helping the rebels with heavy weapons and soldiers - something Moscow denies.
Earlier Mr Kerry called on the UN to examine rights violations.
'Heinous crime'
Meanwhile Sergei Lavrov said weapons were being withdrawn from front lines.
The Russian FM called on the Ukrainian government to distance itself from "extremists" and urged Kiev to promote economic recovery of rebel-held areas.
He also described the brutal murder of Russian opposition politician Boris Nemtsov on Friday as a "heinous crime".
Mr Nemtsov, who was shot on a bridge near the Kremlin, had been planning an anti-war rally and was said to be working on a report to expose the presence of Russian troops in Ukraine.
People carry a placard with the image of opposition leader Boris Nemtsov during a march in St Petersburg  on 1 March 2015.  
 Tens of thousands of people marched through central Moscow in memory of Boris Nemtsov on Sunday
His allies accused the Kremlin of involvement but Mr Lavrov condemned the murder and vowed that Russia would find the killers.

"This is a heinous crime which will be fully investigated within the full framework of the law to ensure the perpetrators are brought to justice."
Mr Kerry was expected to use the talks to call for an investigation examining not only who pulled the trigger, but who ordered, funded and co-ordinated Mr Nemtsov's murder.
Last week, Mr Kerry had accused the Kremlin of "craven behaviour" in its support for the pro-Russian fighters.
Meanwhile violence has continued in the east of the country:
  • Ukraine's military said on Monday that one soldier had been killed and four wounded in the past 24 hours
  • On Saturday, Ukrainian photographer Sergiy Nikolayev was killed in an explosion in the government-held frontline village of Pisky near Donetsk
  • At least eight Ukrainian soldiers were injured over the weekend by rebel shelling, the military said
Map showing the battle lines in eastern Ukraine 
 
 
Intelligence leaks suggest Israeli secret service believe Iran is not producing nuclear weapons
Newly leaked intelligence from Mossad suggest they knew Israeli claims about nuclear weapon production were false
http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/intelligence-leaks-suggest-israeli-secret-service-believe-iran-not-producing-nuclear-weapons
Benjamin Netanyahu, prime minister of Israel, uses a diagram of a bomb to describe Iran's nuclear programme (AFP)
Alex MacDonald's picture
Monday 23 February 2015 19:08 GMT
Last update: 
Wednesday 25 February 2015 17:34 GMT

Israel's secret service had long believed Iran was not making a nuclear weapon, according to a tranch of documents leaked from various spy agencies.
A new joint report produced on Monday by Al-Jazeera and the Guardian shows top secret files - correspondances with the South African intelligence services - suggesting that Mossad, the Israeli security agency, has believed since 2012 that the Islamic Republic of Iran was “not performing the activity necessary to produce weapons,” according to the leak.
The revelation would seem to undermine claims by other branches of the Israeli state – including the prime minister – that Iran presented a threat to Israelis through its desire to produce nuclear weapons.
The date of the cables is particularly ironic, as it came just a month after a speech made by Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu at the United Nations General Assembly in which he called for a united global response to Iran's threat to develop nuclear weapons – a threat which, at the time, he assured was a very real one.
“For nearly a decade, the international community has tried to stop the Iranian nuclear programme with diplomacy,” he told the assembly in September 2012.

“That hasn't worked.”
Netanyahu has freqently argued that Iran's opposition to Israel is existential, not merely political. Former President Mahmoud Ahmedinejad became notorious internationally for provocative statements that were taken by some to call for the destruction of Israel, as well as promoting holocaust denial.
He also accused Iran of providing material and financial support to Hamas in Gaza and Hezbollah in Lebanon, with an aim towards the destruction of Israel.
“Given this record of Iranian aggression without nuclear weapons, just imagine Iranian aggression with nuclear weapons,” he told the assembly.
“Imagine their long range missiles tipped with nuclear warheads, their terror networks armed with atomic bombs.”
In his speech, he illustrated the “red lines” on the Iranian nuclear threat using a graphic with a bomb and fuse with “1st stage”, “2nd stage” and “Final stage” written showing the levels of uranium enrichment Iran would have reached.
He claimed that by Spring of 2013 Iran would have finished “medium enrichment and move on to the final stage”.

“From there, it's only a few months, possibly a few weeks before they get enough enriched uranium for the first bomb,” he said.
This claim, however, is contradicted by the Mossad leak which suggests that the IR40 reactor at Arak - which they say could produce "military-grade plutonium" - would not be brought online before mid-2014.
The document does however, state that Iran was "working to close gaps in areas that appear legitimate such as enrichment, reactors, which will reduce the time required to produce weapons from the time when the instruction is actually given."
Netanyahu also claimed that for two years Israeli intelligence “didn't know” that Iran was building a nuclear reactor.
“Look, no one appreciates our intelligence agencies more than the prime minister of Israel,” he said. “All these leading intelligence agencies are superb, including ours. They've foiled many attacks. They've saved many lives.”

“But they are not foolproof.”
Some have accused Mossad of actively trying to undermine Netanyahu's authority over Iran. The agency have opposed new US sanctions on Iran and former officials have expressed frustration that Netanyahu has been ignoring their calls for temperance.

The nuclear programme

Israel has previously intervened militarily in other regional neighbours to prevent nuclear proliferation. In 1981, Israeli jets destroyed the Osirak reactor near the Iraqi capital of Baghdad, believing that then President Saddam Hussein was seeking to build nuclear weapons, which the then Israeli government described as potentially posing a “mortal danger to the people of Israel”.
They also destroyed a facility at al-Kibar in Syria in 2011, which they claimed was a covert nuclear reactor.
Iran has also frequently accused Israel of engaging in targetted assassinations of nuclear scientists within the Islamic Republic, though this claim could be thrown in to doubt if Israeli intelligence did not believe a nuclear threat existed.
Iran has continuously denied that it has been developing its nuclear programme with an eye to making weapons, claiming it is purely interested in providing self-sufficiency in its energy requirements.
Though documents leaked to the press in 2005 purported to present proof of Iranian intentions towards the building of nuclear weapons, these were later criticised after it was revealed that they had come from the Mujahideen-e-Khalq (MEK) and not a Iranian government insider as had been originally thought.
The militant group MEK have been involved in a guerilla fight against the Islamic Republic since its inception and are thought to have established strong links with Mossad.
There are strong indications, though unconfirmed, that Mossad had been responsible for providing the MEK with some or all of the documents and that they were of questionable authenticity.
The MEK had previously been listed as a terrorist organisation by the US state department and EU, but was removed from the latter in 2009 and the former in 2012 after pressure from prominent US politicians.
The group has been blamed for thousands of deaths inside Iran and the allegations of peculiar social requirements placed upon their members – including forced divorces, public airings of hidden sexual fantasies and the idolising of leader Massoud Rajavi – has seen the group frequently labelled a “cult”.

A troubled history

Iran and Israel have had a tumultuous history. Prior to 1979, the two countries had been strong allies, sharing diplomatic and military ties.
After the Islamic Revolution in 1979 which overthrew the monarchy of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, documents released from the vaults of the much-hated secret police service, the Organisation of Intelligence and National Security (SAVAK) revealed the role that Mossad had played in training SAVAK agents in the suppression of opponents of the Shah.
Mossad's involvement in the creation of the Shah's security apparatus only added to popular resentment towards Israel in Iran. The revolution's figurehead, and later Supreme leader, labelled Israel the “Little Satan” in contrast with the “Great Satan” of the US and frequently called for the destruction of the "Zionist government of Israel".

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Rilis Dokumen “Rahasia”, Pengabdian Jujur Qatar Kepada Israel dan AS
Penggalan dokumen (The Guardian)
Penggalan dokumen (The Guardian)
Islam Times - Sementara, tidak ada yang menolak bahwa rezim suku Qatar adalah sekutu strategis Israel, Inggris dan AS; apakah perolehan dan perilisan dokumen bocor itu serta merta akan merusak hubungan strategis dengan negara-negara itu? Apakah Qatar punya cukup nyali atas konsekwensi rencana perilisan itu?.
Media perusahaan semi-literal milik kerajaan Qatar, al-Jazeera, memperoleh dokumen rahasia yang disebut-sebut sengaja dibocorkan oleh agen intelijen yang dianggap sebagai kebocoran terbesar sejak Edward Snowden.  Bahkan, saluran berita kerajaan Qatar itu berencana menurunkan serangkaian laporan membahas konten apa yang mereka sebut sebagai dokumen kabel "sangat rahasia".

Tapi apakah dokumen itu benar-benar sebuah kebocoran dan benar-benar kerjaan agen intelijen?

Sangat mudah bagi mereka yang tidak sepenuhnya menyadari bagaimana fungsi penting sebuah lembaga negara yang tiba-tiba rubuh dan tersungkur akibat narasi dan cerita sebuah media korporat. Pada tingkat sederhana, cerita kebocoran dokumen itu terdengar sangat masuk akal dan logis.

Menurut rekam jejak dari komunikasi instan, kebocoran intelijen itu dilaporkan terjadi di Afrika Selatan, sebuah negara yang cukup tinggi mengenai indeks korupsi didunia.

Dalam konteks ini, al-Jazeera, benar-benar tengah mempertaruhkan reputasi informasi dihadapan masyarakat global yang kemungkinan besar realitasnya bertolak belakang dengan apa yang diyakini media milik pendukung kelompok Takfiri di Suriah dan Irak tersebut.

Islam Times mencoba menelusuri beberapa faktor dasar yang melibatkan insiden apa yang disebut –sebut sebagai "kebocoran".

Semua faham, al-Jazeera adalah saluran televisi yang didanai oleh pemerintah, sehingga setiap informasi terkait dengan intelijen dianggap sebagai harta karun yang pada dasarnya adalah milik pemerintah Qatar. Sementara, tidak ada yang menolak bahwa rezim suku Qatar adalah sekutu strategis Israel, Inggris dan AS; apakah perolehan dan perilisan dokumen bocor itu serta merta akan merusak hubungan strategis dengan negara-negara itu? Apakah Qatar punya cukup nyali atas konsekwensi rencana perilisan itu?.

Informasi intelijen tetap akan berharga dan bernilai hanya bila pihak lawan tidak mengetahui bahwa musuh mengetahui rahasia itu. Jika orang boleh menganggap bahwa rezim Qatar akan menggunakan dokumen-dokumen yang bocor itu untuk kepentingan nasional mereka, mengapa Qatar harus mengumumkannya dihadapan publik?

Fakta bahwa salah satu laporan al-Jazeera dalam laporan apa yang disebut kebocoran intelijen itu adalah tentang bagaimana Mossad  membantah klaim Benjamin Netanyahu terkait program nuklir damai Iran yang menimbulkan garis merah. Padahal Iran sudah semestinya berhak memilikik program nuklir damai dengan  berbagai alasan logis dan tak terbantahkan.

Salah satu alasannya adalah, Badan Energi Atom Internasional (IAEA) dan masyarakat internasional secara luas memahami fakta bahwa secara hukum dan secara teknis, Iran hingga saat ini tidak pernah melanggar dan tidak akan melanggar meski satu dari peraturan-peraturan yang diterapkan secara ketat oleh IAEA.

Dari sisi ini, masyarakat internsional sama sekali tidak memerlukan sebuah laporan "rahasia" jika hanya untuk mengetahui kasus sepele; bahkan dengan pencarian di Google yang sangat sederhana tanpa menggunakan rumus yang njlimet pun, hal itu akan mudah dikonfirmasi oleh Google.

Jadi mengapa al-Jazeera mesti repot-repot membuat laporan tentang topik ini? Sementara pada saat yang sama Barat-lah yang sangat membutuhkan Iran untuk mendinginkan permusuhannya dengan negara Mullah itu demi mengurangi kerugian strategis di wilayah tersebut. Untuk menandatangani kesepakatan nuklir dengan Iran, Barat membutuhkan skenario penyelamatan wajah yang bopeng. Jadi, bocoran tersebut dipandang sebagai bagian dari skenario mempermak wajah yang memuluskan rezim-rezim Barat untuk menandatangani perjanjian dengan Iran demi mempertahankan kekuatannya yang tergerus di wilayah tersebut.

Dokumen-dokumen lain yang diterbitkan oleh al-Jazeera bahkan jauh dari kata greget. Misalnya deretan kertas panjang dokumen itu mengupas keberadaan Iran di Afrika Selatan yang bersumber dari makalah penelitian khas organisasi Think Thank dengan kutipan dari sumber-sumber yang terbuka dan umum.

Dokumen lain juga berbicara tentang bagaimana pemerintahan Obama sedang mencoba memblokir aspirasi negara Palestina di PBB dan lembaga internasional lainnya.  Lalu, siapa yang akan menganggap dokumen al-Jazeera itu sebagai "rahasia" dan ditempatkan dalam Politik khusus?.

Di era teknologi super modern ini, hampir semua orang dengan mudah memproduksi serta mengelola persepsi masing-masing yang dianggap sebagai rahasia. Dengan demikian "Kebocoran" dokumen rahasia ini hanya bisa dipandang sebagai operasi sosial politik daripada murni masalah intelijen dan keamanan!.

Orang tidak harus naïf menerima apa yang mereka lihat di channel TV al-Jazeera yang dimiliki oleh rezim suku monarkis pro Israel dan Barat. Al-Jazeera tidak akan menjalankan serial lucu ini tanpa persetujuan dari juru bayarnya, yakni pemerintah Qatar. Bahkan masih banyak orang yang memiliki beberapa isu jauh lebih besar yang terlibat, dari sekedar segelintir orang di Afrika Selatan yang mengupload dokuman “rahasia” dari hard drivenya.

Beberapa orang mungkin bersikukuh bahwa dokumen itu benar dan nyata, dan mungkin dalam waktu dekat ini, dunia akan segera menyaksikan pengunduran diri massal pejabat penting intelijen.

Pada awal Perang Dunia II, Jerman (Agen Jerman) memberikan dokumen "rahasia" kepada pemimpin Soviet, Josef Stalin viaPresiden Edvard Benes dari Cekoslowakia. Untuk meyakinkan keaslian dokumen itu kepada Stalin, Jerman bahkan mengeksekusi pejabat mereka sendiri sebagai korban yang dianggap gagal bertanggung jawab menjaga rahasia negara. Sementara dipihak Uni Soviet terjadi kasus pembunuhan masaal, termasuk eksekusi Marsekal Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky pimpinan Tentara Merah antara tahun 1925-1928.

Tukhachevsky tidak sendirian, bersama delapan tokoh militer lain, seperti Iona Yakir, Ieronim Uborevich, Robert Eideman, August Kork, Vitovt Putna, Boris Feldman, Vitaly Primakov dan Yan Borisovich Gamarnik mereka diadili atas tuduhan berkhianat dan bekerja sama dengan Nazi Jerman. Tukhachevsky dan 8 terdakwa lainnya divonis hukuman mati pada bulan Juni 1937.

Islam Times, tentu saja tidak sepenuhnya mengesampingkan kemungkinan kebocoran itu adalah benar dan nyata. Namun, probabilitas dokumen tersebut sangat rendah dan jauh dari kata kebocoran intelijen.

Tapi bahkan sekaipun dokumen "top Secret" itu adalah nyata, satu yang pasti adalah, dokumen itu dimanipulasi sedemikian rupa dan disajikan ke pubik untuk mencapai tujuan geo-strategis dan sosial-politik rezim imperialis, tidak lebih!. [Islam Times/Onh/Ass]

Laporan kebocoran: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/23/leaked-spy-cables-netanyahu-iran-bomb-mossad

Download dokumen rahasia: http://static.guim.co.uk/ni/1424713149380/Mossad-On-Iran-Nuclear-Stat.pdf  .
Kode: 443263
 http://www.islamtimes.org/id/doc/article/434938/
 Seteru Cucu dan Anak Bani al-Saud
Pangeran Mohammad bin Nayef


Pangeran Mohammad bin Nayef

Islam Times- Dengan tongkat kerajaan yang diteruskan ke generasi berikutnya, pilihan Mohammed bin Nayef mengindikasikan ketakutan akut yang melanda keluarga berkuasa. Saat ini, Mohammed bin Nayef masih tetap menjabat sebagai Menteri Dalam Negeri sekaligus wakil kedua Perdana Menteri, pos yang paling penting dalam kerajaan setelah raja sendiri.


Kematian Raja Abdullah akhirnya membuka ruang dan kesempatan bagi generasi baru dinasti Bani al-Saud, sebuah langkah yang menjadi pusat perhatian khusus, apalagi Raja Salman baru saja mengumumkan posisi Pangeran Mohammed bin Nayef,-saat ini menjabat sebagai Menteri Dalam Negeri-, sebagai wakil Putra Mahkota Pangeran Mugrin bin Abd al-Aziz. Jabatan yang memastikan posisinya kelak menjadi raja dari kalangan cucu Abd al-Aziz bin Saud.
Lalu bagaimana posisi Pangeran Mohammed bin Nayef sebegitu kuat sehingga ditunjuk sebagai wakil Putra Mahkota menggeser cucu-cucu lain keturunan Abd al-Aziz. Penunjukan Mohammed bin Nayef ini pula mengakhiri spekulasi yang berkembang tentang siapa diantara ratusan (mungkin ribuan) cucu-cucu Abd al-Aziz bin Saud untuk menjadi raja. Sementara Abd al-Aziz mempunya 45 anak (yang tertulis),-36 yang hidup-, dan hanya enam yang berhasil mencapai tahta kerajaan. Saud (dikudeta), Faisal (dibunuh), Khalid, Fahd, Abdullah dan sekarang Salman. Jika Muqrin ingin menyelamatkan Salman-, Abdullah mengirim dua Putra Mahkota ke kuburan, Sultan dan Nayef-, maka dia akan menjadi raja terakhir (jika masih hidup) dari anak-anak keturunan langsung Abd al-Aziz.

Dengan tongkat kerajaan yang diteruskan ke generasi berikutnya, pilihan Mohammed bin Nayef mengindikasikan ketakutan akut yang melanda keluarga berkuasa. Saat ini, Mohammed bin Nayef masih menjabat sebagai Menteri Dalam Negeri, pos yang paling penting dalam kerajaan setelah raja sendiri.

Menteri Dalam Negeri, seperti ayahnya, mengontrol semua urusan internal, bahkan bertanggung jawab atas Mabahith (departemen intelijen), polisi, keamanan perbatasan, bea cukai, penjara serta polisi syariat. Hampir tidak ada lini-lini penting kerajaan yang berada di luar kendali, bahkan semua berada dalam genggamannya.

Mengapa Mohammed mendapat kepercayaan lebih di atas semua pesaing dari cucu-cucu Abd al-Aziz bin Saud? Hal ini dapat dijelaskan oleh fakta bahwa selama masa ayahnya menjabat sebagai Menteri Dalam Negeri, Mohammad bertanggung jawab atas semua keamanan dan mampu menghancurkan perbedaan pendapat dan tidak memberikan kesempatan kepada lawan-lawannya. Selanjutnya, Mohammed adalah perancang kebijakan dalam menghadapi ancaman serangan kelompok al-Qaeda dan kelompok Takfiri lain termasuk ISIS yang diciptakan dan dibesarkan oleh rezim sendiri. Hari ini, kelompok-kelompok Takfiri merupakan tantangan dan ancaman paling serius rezim. Kelompok Takfiri ini akan melahab kerajaan kapan saja.
Dukungan besar terhadap Takfiri dari dalam kerajaan, terutama dalam urusan keagamaan membutuhkan seseorang yang berpengalaman dan piawai seperti Mohammed bin Nayef untuk menangani mereka.

Seperti ayahnya, Mohammed melanjutkan cara-cara brutal menindak setiap perbedaan pendapat internal. Setidaknya terdapat 30.000 tahanan politik mendekam di penjara kerajaan, bahkan sebagian dari mereka hanya melakukan kesalahan sederhana, yakni meminta reformasi politik!. Kebijakan tangan besi Mohammed bin Nayef juga mendapatkan pujian dari Inggris dan Amerika Serikat. Segera setelah pengangkatannya sebagai Menteri Dalam Negeri pada bulan November 2012, ia mulai melakukan kunjungan resmi ke kedua negara yang dielu-elukan oleh media Inggris dan Amerika Serikat.

Perdana Menteri Inggris David Cameron saat itu menerimanya di 10 Downing Street, sebuah kediaman resmi PM David Cameron pada bulan Januari 2013. Beberapa hari kemudian, Presiden AS, Barack Obama menjamu secara khusus Mohammed bin Nayef untuk makan malam di Gedung Putih, suatu kehormatan tak biasa yang diperuntukkan bagi kepala negara atau pemerintah.

Dengan dukungan penuh Inggris dan Amerika, Raja Abdullah kemudian melanjutkan sikap ofensifnya. Dalam keputusan yang dikeluarkan pada akhir tahun 2013, ia menganggap permintaan reformasi, ekspos korupsi lingkaran kerajaan atau menarik kesetiaan dari raja, merupakan kejahatan dan dosa tak terampuni bagi siapa saja. Dan Mohammed bin Nayef adalah salah satu yang bisa memastikan kepatuhan itu melalui pasukannya di informan, intelijen negara, serta polisi syariah, bahkan dengan tindakan dan sikap yang lebih menindas.

Meskipun belum ada jaminan tetap hidup, pada usianya (55), Mohammed bin Nayef kemungkinan akan menerapkan taktik lebih brutal ketika ia menjadi raja.

TETAPI, jikapun tetap hidup, satu-satunya pengecualian adalah apakah kerajaan milik properti pribadi Bani al-Saud itu akan bisa bertahan?!.[IT/Onh/Ass]

Kode: 434938

Tanggal Berita : Thursday 26 February 2015 - 11:08
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Pejabat Irak: Pesawat AS Terus Jatuhkan Senjata untuk ISIS

Pesawat koalisi (Fars News).

Pesawat koalisi (Fars News).

Islam Times - Pesawat Amerika Serikat terus menjatuhkan menjatuhkan senjata dan keperluan ISIS di Irak, ungkap pejabat Irak, mengungkapkan kemunafikan AS dalam memerangi kelompok teroris itu.


"Pesawat-pesawat AS menjatuhkan senjata untuk teroris ISIS di daerah yang dikuasai ISIS dan bahkan di daerah-daerah yang baru-baru ini bebas dari kontrol ISIS untuk mendorong mereka kembali ke sana," kata koordinator pasukan relawan Irak, Jafar al-Jaberi seperti dirilis Fars News kemarin (25/2).

Dia mencatat bahwa saksi mata di al-Havijeh, Provinsi Kirkuk menyaksikan pesawat AS menjatuhkan beberapa bungkusan mencurigakan untuk teroris ISIS. 

"Dua pesawat koalisi juga terlihat di atas kota Al-Khas di Diyala dan mereka membawa teroris Takfiri ke wilayah yang baru-baru ini dibebaskan dari kontrol ISIS," lanjutnya.
Pada hari Senin (23/2), seorang anggota parlemen senior mengungkapkan bahwa pasukan Irak menembak jatuh dua pesawat Inggris karena membawa senjata untuk teroris ISIS di Provinsi al-Anbar.

Komite Keamanan Nasional dan Pertahanan Irak mengatakan punya bukti berupa foto-foto kedua pesawat Inggris yang ditembak jatuh saat membawa senjata untuk ISIS. Komite tengah meminta penjelasan London soal ini.[IT/Atn]

Kode: 4433

Tanggal Berita : Thursday 26 February 2015 - 11:45
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Tentara Israel Bergerak Menuju Sungai al-Wazzani di Selatan Libanon
Tentara Israel
Tentara Israel

Islam Times - NNA lebih lanjut mengatakan unit tentara dengan 20-anggota itu didukung oleh tank Merkava dalam misi memonitoring wilayah. Pasukan Israel bergerak maju di sepanjang tepi sungai, kata kantor berita Libanon itu.
Unit militer Israel pada Kamis pagi, 26/02/15, merangsek maju menuju sungai al-Wazzani di perbatasan selatan Libanon yang meningkatkan kesiagaan tentara Libanon dan pasukan penjaga perdamaian PBB, demikian menukil laporan National News Agency (NNA).

NNA lebih lanjut mengatakan unit tentara dengan 20-anggota itu didukung oleh tank Merkava dalam misi memonitoring wilayah.

Pasukan Israel bergerak maju di sepanjang tepi sungai, kata kantor berita Libanon itu.

Sementara itu, tentara Libanon dan anggota angkatan Interim PBB di Libanon terus mencermati gerakan tentara Israel yang tidak lazim tersebut. [IT/Onh/Ass]
Kode: 443325

Tanggal Berita : Wednesday 25 February 2015 - 10:35
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Anggota Parlemen AS Akan Boikot Pidato Netanyahu
Steve Cohen (Press TV).

Steve Cohen (Press TV).

Islam Times - Seorang anggota Kongres AS dari kubu Demokrat mengatakan akan memboikot pidato Perdana Menteri Israel Benjamin Netanyahu di Kongres bulan depan.

Steve Cohen menyebut rencana pidato itu sebagai "permainan sangat berbahaya" dan "permainan politik" Ketua DPR John Boehner untuk melemahkan Presiden Barack Obama.

Cohen, keturunan Yahudi, kemarin (24/2) juga mengatakan pidato mendatang Netanyahu tentang program nuklir Iran tak lain "teater kelas tinggi" menjelang pemilu Israel.

Dalam siaran pers, dia menulis bahwa rencana pidato itu sudah membelah dua barisan Demokrat dalam Kongres, rezim Israel dan pemerintah Amerika sendiri.

Pidato ini, lanjutnya, membahayakan negosiasi nuklir dan menghina itikad baik bangsa-bangsa lain yang terlibat dalam negosiasi.

Netanyahu rencananya akan berpidato dalam Kongres AS pada 3 Maret nanti demi membujuk anggota parlemen menetapkan sanksi tambahan untuk Iran.

Cohen menilai pidato Netanyahu "yang menentang kebijakan luar negeri" Amerika adalah sesuatu di luar batas.


Wakil Presiden AS Joe Biden dan beberapa anggota parlemen Demokrat lain juga akan memboikot pidato. 



Gedung Putih menyebut undangan Netanyahu itu melanggar aturan protokol dan bisa menggagalkan perundingan nuklir dengan Iran.[IT/PT/Atn] Kode: 442968


Tanggal Berita : Wednesday 25 February 2015 - 08:35


Laporan: Saudi Siap Bantu Israel Serang Iran

Staf istana Saudi (Jerussalem Post).

Staf istana Saudi (Jerussalem Post).

Islam Times - Arab Saudi siap membantu Israel dalam serangan terhadap Iran termasuk penggunaan wilayah udara, ungkap media Israel, memperjelas persekutuan dekat yang terjalin di antara keduanya.


Mengutip siaran TV Channel 2 Israel, Jerussalem Post kemarin (24/2) melaporkan kesiapan Saudi itu dinyatakan dalam pembicaraan pribadi dengan sumber-sumber Eropa.

Kabarnya, Arab Saudi mengajukan sebuah syarat dalam kerja sama itu; kemajuan perundingan antara Israel dan Palestina.

Wall Street Journal (WSJ) Jumat silam melaporkan pemerintah-pemerintah Arab ikut mencemaskan perkembangan kesepakatan Iran dengan enam negara dunia terkait program nuklirnya.

Menurut mereka, jika kesepakatan nuklir tercapai maka negara-negara di kawasan akan terdorong membangun kemampuan nuklir yang sama dengan yang diperoleh Iran.

Pejabat Arab, masih menurut WSJ, mengatakan gagalnya perundingan dengan Iran lebih baik daripada tercapai kesepakatan nuklir yang buruk. Perdana Menteri Israel Benjamin Netanyahu juga pernah mengungkapkan hal ini.[IT/Atn]

Kode: 442939

Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz, Pemersatu Arab Saudi

Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz, Pemersatu Arab Saudi  
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Setelah Raja Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz rahimahullah mangkat, Dewan Kerajaan Arab Saudi mengumumkan putra mahkota Salman bin Abdul Aziz sebagai raja baru, pelayan dua tanah suci. Rencananya pembaiatan akan dilakuan 23 Januari 2015, setelah shalat isya waktu setempat di istana kerajaan di Riyadh. Siapakah raja baru Arab Saudi ini? Mari sejenak mengenal biografi singkat beliau.

Putra Kabilah Kuat Dari Nejd

Salman bin Abdul Aziz dilahirkan pada 31 Desember 1935. Ia adalah anak ke-25 dari Raja Abdul Aziz bin Saud. Ibunya bernama Hassa al-Sudairi. Hassa dinikahi oleh Raja Abdul Aziz di awal tahun 1930-an. Saat itu Abdul Aziz menaklukkan wilayah Nejd, kemudian menikahi Hassa, wanita dari kabilah atau klan al-Sudairi salah satu kabilah terkuat di Nejd.
Di masa berikutnya, ternyata anak-anak Abdul Aziz dari klan al-Sudairi mewarisi karakter kepemimpinan dan kewibawaan kaumnya. Klan ini pun menjadi klan terkuat di lingkungan kerajaan dengan tujuh putra terbaik mereka. Mereka adalah:
  • Fahd bin Abdul Aziz (1921-2005), raja ke-5 Arab Saudi yang memerintah dari 13 Juni 1982 hingga 1 Agustus 2005.
  • Pangeran Sultan bin Abdul Aziz (1929-2011), menjabat sebagai menteri pertahanan dari tahun 1962 hingga 22 Oktober 2011 dan rangkap jabatan sebagai putra mahkota pada tahun 2005 hingga wafatnya pada 22 Oktober 2011.
  • Pangeran Abdurrahman bin Abdul Aziz (lahir tahun 1931), wakil menteri pertahanan dari tahun 1978 hingga November 2011.
  • Pangeran Nayif bin Abdul Aziz (1934-2012), menjabat sebagai menteri dalam negeri dari tahun 1975 hingga 2012, menjabat perdana menteri dan putra mahkota pada 27 Oktober 2011 hingga wafat pada 16 Juni 2012. Beliau merupakan seorang yang paling dibenci oleh al-Qaeda dan Syiah karena sikap tegasnya. Sehingga saat beliau wafat, sangat terlihat suka cita di kedua kelompok tersebut.
  • Pangeran Turki bin Abdul Aziz (lahir tahun 1934) menjabat sebagai wakil menteri pertahanan pada 1968 hingga 1978.
  • Salman bin Abdul Aziz (lahir tahun 1935), menjabat gubernur Riyad dari tahun 1963 hingga 5 November 2011, kemudian menjadi menteri pertahanan pada 5 November 2011, putra mahkota pada 18 Juni 2012 hingga 22 Januari 2015, dan sekarang menjadi raja Arab Saudi yang ke-7.
  • Pangeran Ahmad bin Abdul Aziz (lahir tahun 1942), merupakan wakil menteri dalam negeri dari tahun 1975 hingga 18 Juni 2012, kemudian menteri dalam negeri dari 18 Juni 2012 hingga 5 November 2012.
  • Berikutnya adalah Putri Luluwah, Lathifah, al-Jawharah, dan Jawahir.

Kehidupan Keluarga

Salman bin Abdul Aziz menikah sebanyak tiga kali. Pertama, ia menikahi Sulthanah binti Turki al-Sudairi, yang meninggal pada akhir Juli 2011di usia 71 tahun. Sulthanah adalah anak dari paman ibu Pangeran Salman, Turki bin Ahmad al-Sudairi. Dari pernikahan ini, Pangeran Salman dikaruniai 5 orang putra dan satu orang putri: Pangeran Fahd, Pangeran Ahmed, Pangeran Sultan, Pangeran Abdul Aziz, Pangeran Faisal, dan Putri Hussa.

Anaknya dari pernikahan keduanya dengan Sarah binti Faisal al-Subai’ai adalah Pangeran Saud. Anak-anaknya dari pernikahan ketiganya dengan Fahdah binti Falah bin Sultan al-Hithalayn adalah Pangeran Muhammad, Pangeran Turki, Pangeran Khalid, Pangeran Nayif, Pangeran Bandar, dan Pangeran Rakan.

Putranya, Fahd dan Ahmad telah meninggal karena serangan jantung. Anak keduanya, Sultan bin Salman, menjadi orang Arab dan anggota kerajaan pertama yang terbang ke luar angkasa pada bulan Juni 1985. Sultan bin Salman merupakan ketua Saudi Commission for Tourism and Antiques (SCTA). Abdul Aziz bin Salman menjadi wakil menteri perminyakan sejak tahun 1995. Faisal bin Salman adalah gubernur provinsi Madinah. Muhammad, adalah penasehat pribadinya di kementerian pertahanan dan di Crown Prince Court. Turki bin Salman menjadi ketua Penelitian dan Marketing Group Arab Saudi sejak Februari 2013, menggantikan kakaknya Faisal bin Salman.

Pada bulan Agustus 2010, Pangeran Salman menjalani operasi tulang belakang di Amerika Serikat dan harus sering check up keluar kerajaan untuk pemulihan. Ia juga pernah terserang stroke sedikitnya satu kali. Meskipun sudah diterapi gerakan lengan kirinya tetap terbatas. Penyakit lainnya yang diperkirakan diderita oleh Pangeran Salman adalah Demensia dan Alzhemeir. Semoga Allah memberikan kemudahan dan kesembuhan.

Pendidikan dan Karir Politik

Sebagaimana anak-anak Raja Abdul Aziz alu Saud yang lain, Salman pun disekolahkan di sekolah khusus untuk para pangeran. Di sana ia mempelajari ilmu agama dan sains modern. Sekolah ini dibangun oleh Raja Abdul Aziz untuk memfasilitasi pendidikan anak-anaknya sebagai kader penerus kepemimpinan kerajaan. Tradisi sekolah seperti ini telah dipraktikkan oleh para khalifah Umayyah, Abasiyah, hingga kekhalifahan Utsmani.
  • Gubernur Riyadh
Salman bin Abdul Aziz diangkat menjadi gubernur Provinsi Riyadh pada tanggal 4 Februari 1963. Masa jabatannya berlangsung selama empat puluh delapan tahun, dari tahun 1963 sampai 2011. Sebagai gubernur, ia memberikan kontribusi untuk pengembangan Riyadh dari kota menengah ke kota besar metropolitan. Ia meningkatkan pariwisata, proyek-proyek penting, dan investasi asing di dalam negaranya. Dalam waktu 48 tahun, Pangeran Salman berhasil mengubah kota padang pasir, Riyadh, yang terisolasi menjadi kota yang dipadati gedung-gedung pencakar langit, universitas, dan jaringan makanan cepat saji.

Pemandangan Kota Riyadh di malam hari.
Pemandangan Kota Riyadh di malam hari.
Pangeran Salman berjuang memenuhi tuntutan ketersediaan rumah yang terjangkau dan fasilitas transportasi publik yang layak bagi empat juta penduduk kota itu. Jabatan Gubernur Riyadh ini membuat Salman sangat dikenal di dunia internasional, terutama juga karena kota ini kerap didatangi utusan internasional dan tamu-tamu VIP. Salman dengan cakap berhasil mengamankan investasi asing bagi ibu kota Arab Saudi itu. Ia juga membuka hubungan geopolitik dan ekonomi dengan Barat.

Ketika Pangeran Salman menjabat gubernur Riyadh, King Saud University di Riyadh didirikan. Sekarang universitas ini menjadi salah satu yang terbaik di Arab Saudi dan mulai diperhitungkan di dunia pendidikan tinggi internasional. Di antara kebijakan tegas yang Pangeran Salman putuskan adalah pada tahun 2011 ia mendeportasi pengemis asing dari Arab Saudi dan mengadakan program rehabilitasi di depatemen sosial bagi pengemis asli Arab Saudi. Pengemis-pengemis tersebut sengaja memanfaatkan kemurahan hati penduduk Arab Saudi.

Bus modern yang menjadi transportasi mahasiswa dan pegawai King Saud University
Bus modern yang menjadi transportasi mahasiswa dan pegawai King Saud University
  • Menteri Pertahanan

Pada 5 November 2011, Pangeran Salman diangkat menjadi menteri pertahanan menggantikan saudara kandungnya yang menjadi putra mahkota, Pangeran Sultan bin Abdul Aziz. Pada hari yang sama, Pangeran Salman juga terpilih sebagai anggota Dewan Keamanan Nasional (NSC).

Alasan pengangkatannya sebagai menteri pertahanan karena memang ia memiliki kompetensi yang luar biasa. Pertama, sifatnya yang mengedepankan perdamaian dan diplomasi. Hal ini juga diketahui bahwa ia aktif berurusan dengan masalah internal keluarga kerajaan dan menengahi perselisihan di antara mereka. Kepandaiannya dalam diplomasi juga membuat ia disegani di kalangan suku-suku Arab Saudi. Menurut surat kabar Asharq al-Awsat sebagaimana dikutip Associated Press, Salman dikenal memiliki hubungan yang sangat luas dengan suku-suku di Arab Saudi dan pengaruhnya semakin memperluas jaringan bisnis keluarga kerajaan. Kedua, Pangeran Salman adalah putra generasi tengah dalam keluarga kerajaan; Oleh karena itu, ia bisa mengembangkan hubungan dekat dengan kedua generasi dalam masalah sosial dan budaya.

Setelah jalan diplomasi dianggap buntu, Pangeran Salman juga tidak segan menggunakan kekuatan militer. Contohnya ketika Arab Saudi ikut terlibat secara militer dalam melakukan serangan udara terhadap ISIS pada tahun 2014 kemarin.
  • Putra Mahkota

Pada 18 Juni 2012, Pangeran Salman diangkat sebagai Putra Mahkota Arab Saudi tak lama setelah wafatnya saudaranya, Putra Mahkota Nayif bin Abdul Aziz. Dan sekaligus didaulat sebagai wakil perdana menteri. Pencalonannya sebagai putra mahkota dan wakil perdana menteri dianggap sebagai sinyal bahwa reformasi Raja Abdullah akan terus berkembang. Orang-orang pun menilai bahwa Pangeran Salman mengambil pendekatan yang lebih diplomatik terhadap tokoh oposisi, berbeda dengan bangsawan Arab Saudi lainnya. Mereka juga berpendapat bahwa Pangeran Salman sama seperti Raja Abdullah, sebagian besar fokus pembangunan pada peningkatan ekonomi bukan pada perubahan politik.

Pada tanggal 27 Agustus 2012, dewan kerajaan mengumumkan Pangeran Salman bertanggung jawab atas urusan negara karena Raja Abdullah mulai sakit-sakitan. Untuk mendekatkan hubungannya dengan rakyat, Pangeran Salman meluncurkan akun twitter @KingSalman pada tanggal 23 Februari 2013.

Raja Adalah Pelayan Kota Suci

Berbeda dengan raja-raja lainnya, Raja Arab Saudi justru memiliki gelar khadim yang secara harfiayah diterjemahkan sebagai pembantu. Raja-raja Arab Saudi adalah pembantu atau pelayan dua kota suci, Mekah dan Madinah. Raja pertama yang mengenakan gelar ini adalah Raja Fahd bin Abdul Aziz rahimahullah –kakak tertua Pangeran Salman- pada tahun 1986.

madinah

Setelah Raja Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz wafat pada dini hari tanggal 23 Januari 2015, dewan kerajaan menunjuk Pangeran Salman sebagai raja baru Arab Saudi menggantikan saudara tirinya tersebut. Sebuah amanah besar dan tugas yang berat sudah menanti beliau. Serangan ISIS dan separatis Syiah dari dalam dan luar negeri adalah ancaman serius yang menjadi prioritas pertama.

Semoga Allah memberinya taufik dan membantunya dalam mengemban amanah. Semoga melalui dirinya, Allah memberikan kemanfaatan yang besar bagi umat Nabi Muhammad shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

Sumber:
– http://en.wikipedia.org
– VOA Indonesia
Oleh Nurfitri Hadi (@nfhadi07)
Artikel www.KisahMuslim.com

Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz dan Komitmennya Terhadap Syariat Islam

Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz dan Komitmennya Terhadap Syariat Islam 

Pemimpin yang shaleh adalah idaman bagi orang-orang yang beriman. Ketika seorang pemimpin memiliki kecakapan dalam tata negara, ditambah memiliki keshalehan, maka itu adalah karunia yang sangat besar yang Allah berikan bagi penduduk suatu negeri. Dan karunia itu kian bertambah, apabila sang pemimpin adalah orang yang memiliki perhatian terhadap agama, penegakan syariat, dan dakwah tauhid.

Kerajaan Arab Saudi adalah sedikit dari negeri yang diberikan Allah karunia besar tersebut. Raja-raja mereka begitu memiliki perhatian yang besar terhadap Islam dan kaum muslimin. Mereka membangun percetakan Alquran kemudian menyebarkannya ke berbagai negeri kaum muslimin, membantu pembangunan fasilitas pribadatan dan fasilitas publik, dll. Tidak heran, rakyatnya pun meneladani prilaku pemimpin mereka. Karenanya, sering kita dengar orang-orang di negeri kita mengajukan permintaan bantuan dana ke orang-orang Arab Saudi untuk kepentingan dakwah, karena mereka dikenal loyal dalam hal ini.

Setelah sebelumnya membahas tentang keahlian Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz dalam dunia kepemimpinan dan diplomasi, berikut ini adalah sedikit kisah sisi relijius raja Arab Saudi yang baru tersebut.

Raja Salman dan Kecintaannya Kepada Alquran

Sebagaimana tradisi kerajaan-kerajaan Islam sedari dulu, anak-anak raja dan para pangeran disekolahkan di sekolah khusus kerajaan, demikian juga dengan Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz. Ia pertama kali menimba ilmu di Madrasah Umara (Princes’ School) di Riyadh. Di sana ia mempelajari ilmu agama dan sains modern.

Di Madrasah Umara, Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz berhasil menghafalkan 30 juz Alquran saat usianya masih 10 tahun. Saat itu, kepala sekolah Madrasah Umara adalah Syaikh Abdullah al-Khayyath, imam dan khotib Masjid al-Haram sekarang. Oleh karena itu, sama seperti pimpinan-pimpinan Arab Saudi lainnya, Raja Salman menaruh perhatian yang sangat besar dalam memotivasi anak-anak Arab Saudi untuk menghafalkan kitabullah.

Wujud perhatian beliau terhadap Alquran adalah dengan adanya Musabaqoh al-Amir Salman bin Abdul Aziz li Hifzhi-l Quran yang telah diselenggarakan sebanyak 17 kali di Riyadh. Musabaqoh Alquran ini berada dibawah bimbingan Kementrian Urusan Islam, Wakaf, Dakwah, dan Irsyad (Menteri Agama) Arab Saudi. Sehingga diadakan merata di setiap wilayah kerajaan dengan dukungan gubernur masing-masing wilayah.

Menurut Menteri Urusan Islam, Wakaf, Dakwah, dan Irsyad (Menteri Agama) Arab Saudi, Syaikh Shaleh bin Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad Alu asy-Syaikh, lomba ini bertujuan: 

(1) Perhatian besar Kerajaan Arab Saudi terhadap Alquran al-Karim baik menghafalkannya, membacanya dengan tajwid yang benar, dan tafsirnya, 
(2) Sebagai penyemangat bagi putra-putri Arab Saudi untuk menerima Kitabullah baik dalam menghafal, memahami, mengamalkan, dan menadabburinya, 
(3) Membangkitkan semangat agar berlomba-lomba dalam menghafalkan Alquran dan menjaganya, dan 
(4) Berkontribusi mempererat hubungan umat dengan sumber kemulian mereka di dunia dan akhirat.

Komitmen Terhadap Alquran dan Sunnah dengan Pemahaman Salaf ash-Shaleh

Dalam beberapa kali kesempatan, sebelum menjadi raja, Salman bin Abdul Aziz sering menyatakan bahwa Kerajaan Arab Saudi berdiri dengan asas syariat Islam dalam undang-undang dan sikap politiknya. Kerajaan ini juga senantiasa menolong agama Allah, berkhidmat untuk dua tanah suci, dan kaum muslimin secara umum.

Beliau mengatakan bahwa dari awal beridirnya, kerajaan ini telah berbaiat untuk berpegang teguh dengan pemahaman agama Islam yang benar secara manhaj (teori) dan praktiknya. Baik dalam hukum, asas politik, dan sosial kemasyarakatan. Hal ini telah dibuktikan dalam kurun perjalanan panjang sejarah kerajaan.

Dalam sebuah risalahnya kepada Dr. Muhammad al-Hasyimi dan Dr. Abdurrahman al-Furaih, sebagai kelanjutan penjelasannya dalam kuliah umum di Universitas Islam Madinah tahun 2008, Raja Salman mengatakan, “Kerajaan Arab Saudi berdiri dengan asas al-Kitab dan as-sunnah bukan berdasar hukum-hukum kabilah atau ideologi-ideologi buatan manusia. Kerajaan ini berdiri dengan berasaskan akidah Islam sejak lebih dari 270 tahun lalu, ketika al-Imam Muhammad bin Suud dan Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdullah Wahab –rahimahumallahu- menyebarkan Islam dan menegakkan agama Allah ‘Azza wa Jalla

…Oleh karena berpegang pada asas inilah, musuh-musuh negeri ini senantiasa menyerangnya sejak dari awal berdirinya hingga hari ini. Mereka menggunakan istilah-istilah yang menjelekkan dakwah asy-Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab yang menyerukan kepada Islam sesuai dengan Alquran dan as-sunnah. Muncullah istilah wahabi untuk mendistorsi sejarah kerajaan ini. Lalu mereka kaitkan istilah tersebut dengan sebuah sekte (Khawarij pen.) yang muncul di Afrika Utara yang dibawa oleh Abdul Wahab bin Rustum pada abad ke-2 H atau abad ke-8 M. Kelompok ini dikenal menyimpang secara akidah dan keluar dari tuntunan sunnah Nabi kita al-Mushtofa ‘alaihi ash-shalatu wa salam. Dan Dr. Muhammad bin Sa’d asy-Syuwa’ir telah menjelaskan kekeliruan penisbatan sejarah istilah ini secara historis dalam bukunya Tash-hih Khata-i Tarikhi Haula al-Wahabiyah.

Pada tahun 1365 H/1946 di Mina, Raja Abdul Aziz telah menjelaskan kepada para pimpinan jamaah haji tentang prinsip dasar kerajaan. Raja Abdul Aziz mengatakan, “Orang-orang menyebut kami adalah wahabi, padahal sebenarnya kami adalah salafi yang menjaga agama kami dan mengikuti Kitabullah dan sunnah Rasulullah”. Itulah asas Kerajaan Arab Saudi sejak pertama kali berdiri. Yang jadi pertanyaan, bisakah orang-orang yang membaca karya-karya asy-Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab menemukan sesuatu yang tidak sesuai dengan Kitabullah dan sunnah Nabi-Nya al-Mushthafa shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam? Agar tuduhan yang dilemparkan ini memang terbukti.

Meluruskan Istilah Wahabi

Saat menjadi Gubernur Riyadh, Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz menantang orang-orang yang menggelari Kerajaan Arab Saudi dengan sebutan wahabi. Beliau mengatakan, “Musuh-musuh dakwah (Islam) menggelari dakwah asy-Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab dengan sebutan wahabi, padahal kami tidak mengenal yang demikian”.

Dalam sebuah press conference, Salman bin Abdul Aziz –sewaktu masih menjabat Gubernur Riyadh- berbicara di hadapan para wartawan, “Saya berbicara kepada kalian hari ini, di sebuah daerah yang menjadi tempat munculnya dakwah yang dipimpin oleh al-Imam Muhammad bin Suud dan asy-Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab (Propinsi Dir’iyah). Apa yang mereka serukan adalah dakwah Islam yang tidak ada penyimpangan maupun ketidak-jelasan di dalamnya”. Kemudian beliau menambahkan, “Saya tantang (orang-orang yang menuduh dakwah ini menyimpang pen.) untuk menemukan satu huruf saja dari buku-buku karya asy-Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab atau dalam risalahnya, yang menyelisihi Kitabullah atau sunnah Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam!”

Beliau menjelaskan, “Muncul dan berdirinya Kerajaan Arab Saudi dibangun oleh al-Imam Muhammad bin Suud dan dakwah asy-Syaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab. Dakwahnya adalah dakwah yang bersih (dari kesesatan), yang bersumber kepada Kitabullah dan sunnah Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Tidak ada selain dari kedua hal itu”.
Pandangannya Terhadap Demokrasi
Pada tahun 2010, Raja Salman pernah diwawancarai oleh Karen Elliot House, penulis buku On Saudi Arabia: Its People, Religion, Fault Lines. Raja mengatakan, “Jika Amerika bisa bersatu karena demokrasi, Arab Saudi pada dasarnya bersatu karena keluarga kerajaan”.
Sebagaimana telah disinggung dalam tulisan Raja Salman Pemersatu Arab Saudi, pengaruh kabilah kerajaan begitu diterima suku-suku atau kabilah-kabilah yang ada di Arab Saudi. Kerajaan berhasil menjadi wadah bagi setiap kabilah untuk bersama-sama mewujudkan pemerintahan yang islami.

Dalam Associated Press, House mengatakan bahwa Raja Salman juga mengatakan, “Kita tidak bisa memiliki demokrasi di Arab Saudi, jika kita melakukannya maka setiap kesukuan akan membentuk partai dan kemudian Arab Saudi akan bernasib seperti Irak yang kacau”.

Apa yang disampaikan oleh Raja Salman menunjukkan kepandaiannya dalam memberikan statement. Ia berbicara sesuai dengan tingkat pemahaman lawan bicaranya.

Dilansir Al Jazeera pada tahun 2007, Raja Salman menyampaikan statementnya di Kedutaan Amerika di Riyadh dengan mengatakan, “Kecepatan tingkat pembangunan tergantung pada faktor-faktor sosial dan budaya,… atas dasar alasan sosial –kecuali alasan agama- reformasi tidak bisa dipaksakan oleh (pemerintah Saudi) jika tidak, akan muncul reaksi negatif,… perubahan harus diperkenalkan dengan cara yang mengena dan tepat waktu. Demokrasi tidak boleh dipaksakan di Arab Saudi, karena negara ini terdiri dari suku-suku dan daerah. Jika demokrasi diberlakukan, masing-masing suku dan daerah akan memiliki partai politik”.

Pidato Pertama Sebagai Raja Arab Saudi

Di antara kalimat yang disampaikan oleh Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz dalam pidato pertamanya:

Raja Salman mengawali pidatonya dengan pujian kepada Alllah dan shalawat kepada Rasul-Nya, kemudian ucapan bela sungkawa kepada anggota kerajaan dan seluruh rakyat Arab Saudi atas meninggalnya Raja Abdullah. Ia mengatakan:

“Segala puji bagi Allah, yang telah berfirman, “Semua yang ada di bumi itu akan binasa. Dan tetap kekal Dzat Tuhanmu yang mempunyai kebesaran dan kemuliaan”. (QS. Ar-Rahman: 26-27).

Shalawat dan salam kepada Rasulullah Muhammad, kepada keluarga dan juga sahabatnya… kemudian baru beliau sampaikan ucapan belasungkawa atas wafatnya Raja Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz rahimahullah. Raja Salman memuji pendahulunya tersebut atas dedikasi yang ia berikan dalam hidupnya kepada agama, negara, rakyat, dan dunia Islam secara umum.

Beliau menyampaikan, “Kami akan melanjutkan –dengan rahmat dan pertolongan dari Allah- meniti jalan yang benar dan tidak akan pernah menyimpang darinya, yaitu melanjutkan konstitusi kami berdasarkan Alquran dan sunnah Nabi-Nya shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam”.

“Kami akan melanjutkan kebijakan negara ini, negara yang telah Allah utamakan dengan memilihnya sebagai tempat risalah (Nabi-Nya) dan kiblat (kaum muslimin), untuk meningkat persatuan dan mempertahankan negara. Dengan bimbingan dari Allah berdasarkan syariat Islam sebagai agama damai, kasih sayang, dan moderat”. Kata Raja Salman.

Ia melanjutkan, “Saya memohon kepada Allah agar senantiasa membimbing saya dalam melayani rakyat, mewujudkan harapan mereka, menjaga keamanan dan stabilitas negara kita, serta melindunginya dari kejahatan. Sesungguhnya Allah mampu melakukan yang demikian, dan tidak ada daya dan upaya kecuali dengan pertolongan-Nya”.

Penutup

Dari apa yang penulis sampaikan, kita sadar bahwa kepemimpinan yang sama persis dengan khalifah rasyid hanya akan terjadi di akhir zaman kelak, di masa Imam Mahdi. Usaha-usaha dan komitmen yang dilakukan pemerintah Arab Saudi sekarang untuk berpegang kepada Alquran dan sunnah sudah sangat kita apresiasi. Tidak ada negara di dunia ini, yang menerapkan syariat Islam lebih dari apa yang mereka lakukan. Sampai salah seorang polisi syariah di Arab Saudi pun tidak merasa betah dan jengah ketika berada di salah satu negeri Teluk luar Arab Saudi, karena ia menyaksikan pemandangan mall dan pasar-pasar yang masih penuh saat memasuki waktu shalat. Itu perbandingan negeri Teluk di luar Arab Saudi, bagaimana dengan selain negara-negara Arab di luar Teluk yang lebih bebas? Bagaimana lagi dengan selain negara-negara Arab, seperti di negara kita?

Semoga Allah tetap menjaga kerajaan ini dan meningkatkan peranannya untuk Islam dan kaum muslimin. Dan semoga Allah memperbaiki negara kita, memberi taufik kepada pemimpin-pemimpin dan rakyat-rakyatnya.

Oleh Nurfitri Hadi (@nfhadi07)
Artikel www.KisahMuslim.com